HSE University Anti-Corruption Portal
Comparison of countries
Israel
Belgium
Indices
Overall Score:
62 out of 100
Rank:
33 out of 180
Rank:
32 out of 141
Overall Score:
80 out of 150
Rank:
79 out of 139
Overall Score:
7,21 out of 10
Rank:
39 out of 119
Overall Score:
73 out of 100
Rank:
18 out of 180
Rank:
26 out of 141
Overall Score:
0,78 out of 1
Rank:
16 out of 142
Overall Score:
59 out of 150
Rank:
119 out of 135
Overall Score:
7,78 out of 10
Rank:
25 out of 114
International Cooperation
UN
OECD
FATF
UN
GRECO
OECD
FATF
Israel
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2009.
  • The review under the first cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The country report is available here.
  • The OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions was ratified in 2009.
  • The country is undergoing Phase 3 evaluation of the implementation of the Convention. The report is available here.
  • Member of the FATF since 2018.
  • Evaluation Report on compliance with the FATF recommendations is available here.
  • The Agreement for the Establishment of the International Anti-Corruption Academy as an International Organization was ratified in 2012.
Belgium
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2008.
  • The review under the second cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The country report is available here.
  • GRECO’s member since 1999.
  • The Council of Europe’s Criminal Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2004.
  • The Council of Europe’s Civil Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2007.
  • The fifth evaluation round is completed. The evaluation report is available here.
  • The OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions was ratified in 1999.
  • The country is undergoing Phase 3 evaluation of the implementation of the Convention. The report is available here.
  • Member of the FATF since 1990.
  • Evaluation Report on compliance with the FATF recommendations is available here.
Main Legislation
Israel
  1. Penal Law: Articles 278, 284, 290-297
    (חוק העונשין, תשל"ז-1977: מאמרים 278,  284, 290-297), (Hebrew);

  2. Law of 1969 No. 5729 «On Public Service (Restrictions after Retirement)»
    (חוק שירות הציבור (הגבלות לאחר פרישה), תשכ"ט-1969), (Hebrew);

  3. Law of 1979 No. 5740 «On Public Service (Gifts)»
    (חוק שירות הציבור (מתנות), תש"ם-1979), (Hebrew);

  4. Law of 1997 No. 5757 «On Protection of Employees (Exposure of Offences of Unethical Conduct and Improper Administration)»
    (חוק הגנה על עובדים (חשיפת עבירות ופגיעה בטוהר המידות או במינהל התקין), תשנ"ז-1997), (Hebrew);

  5. Law of 2016 No. 2584 «On the Declaration of Assets in Public Service»
    (חוק שירות הציבור (הצהרת הון), תשע"ז-2016)(Hebrew);

  6. Code for Civil Service
    (קוד אתי לשירות המדינה), (Hebrew);

  7. Rules for the Prevention of Conflicts of Interests by Ministers and Deputy Ministers
    (נוהל טיפול במניעת ניגוד עניינים של שרים וסגני שרים), (Hebrew), (English);

  8. Rules for the Prevention of Conflicts of Interests by Ministers and Deputy Ministers - Annex and Report of the Commission chaired by Judge Asher
    (נוהל טיפול במניעת ניגוד עניינים של שרים וסגני שרים - יישום ו דוח הוועדה בראשות השופט), (Hebrew), (English).

 

Belgium

1. Criminal Code: Articles 246-250, 504bis, 504ter
(Wetboek van Strafrecht: Art. 246-250, 504bis, 504ter), (Dutch);

2. Law of November 28, 2022 «On the Protection of Whistleblowers Reporting Breaches of Union or National Law Committed by Legal Persons in the Private Sector»
(Wet van 28 november 2022, betreffende de bescherming van melders van inbreuken op het Unie- of nationale recht vastgesteld binnen een juridische entiteit in de private sector), (Dutch);

3. Law of December 8, 2022 «On Disclosure Channels and Whistleblower Protection in the Federal Public Authorities and the Integrated Police»
(Wet van 8 december 2022, betreffende de meldingskanalen en de bescherming van de melders van integriteitsschendingen in de federale overheidsinstanties en bij de geïntegreerde politie), (Dutch);

4. Circular of May 5, 2014 «On the Management of Conflicts of Interest in Public Procurement: "Revolving Door"»
(Omzendbrief 5 mei 2014 - Overheidsopdrachten - Belangenvermenging – Draaideurconstructie), (Dutch);

5. The Code of Ethics for Federal Public Officials
(Deontologisch Kader), (Dutch).

 

Anti-Corruption Bodies
Israel
  1. Ministry of Justice Anti-Corruption Department
    (אשכול מניעת שחיתות), (Hebrew); 

  2. State Comptroller and Ombudsman of Israel
    (מבקר המדינה ונציב תלונות הציבור), (Hebrew/English/Arabic);

  3. Lahav 433, Israel Police
    (יחידת להב 433‏‎), (Hebrew).

Belgium
  1. Central Bureau for Countering Corruption, Federal Police of Belgium
    (Office Central pour la Répression de la Corruption), (Dutch/French);
  2. Federal Prosecutor's Office
    (Federaal parket), (Dutch/French).

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