HSE University Anti-Corruption Portal
Comparison of countries
Iran
Spain
Indices
Score:
25 out of 100
Rank:
150 out of 180
Score:
0,42 out of 1
Rank:
119 out of 139
Score:
69 out of 150
Rank:
95 out of 128
Overall Score:
61 out of 100
Rank:
34 out of 180
Rank:
29 out of 141
Overall Score:
0,73 out of 1
Rank:
21 out of 139
Overall Score:
54 out of 100
Overall Score:
73 out of 150
Rank:
93 out of 136
Overall Score:
7,96 out of 10
Rank:
23 out of 114
International Cooperation
UN
UN
GRECO
OECD
FATF
Iran
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2009.
  • The review under the first cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The executive summary is available here.
Spain
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2006.
  • The review under the first cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The country report is available here.
  • GRECO’s member since 1999.
  • The Council of Europe’s Criminal Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2010.
  • The Council of Europe’s Civil Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2009.
  • The fifth evaluation round is completed. The evaluation report is available here.
  • The OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions was ratified in 2000.
  • The country is undergoing Phase 3 evaluation of the implementation of the Convention. The report is available here.
  • Member of the FATF since 1990.
  • Evaluation Report on compliance with the FATF recommendations is available here.
  • The Agreement for the Establishment of the International Anti-Corruption Academy as an International Organization was ratified in 2011.
Main Legislation
Iran
  1. Penal Code: Articles 20, 143 – Corporate criminal responsibility
    (قانون مجازات اسلامی: المادتان 20 ، 143 - مسئولية الكيانات الاعتبارية), (Persian);
  2. Book Five of the Criminal Code: Articles 91-97
    (الكتاب الخامس من قانون العقوبات الإسلامي (العقوبات والعقوبات الرادعة): المواد 91-97), (Persian);
  3. Law «On Increasing Penalties for the Convicted of Bribery, Embezzlement and Fraud»
    (اصلاح و تأیید موادی از لایحه تشدید مجازات مرتکبین ارتشاء اختلاس و کلاهبرداری), (Persian);
  4. Law «On Public Service»
    (قانون مدیریت خدمات کشوری), (Persian);
  5. The Punishment of Unjust and Illicit Exercise of Influence Law
    (قانون مجازات اعمال نفوذ برخلاف حق و مقررات قانونی), (Persian);
  6. The Penalizing the Disruption of the State’s Economic System Law
    (قانون مجازات اخلالگران در نظام اقتصادی کشور), (Persian);
  7. Law on Improving Administrative Discipline and Combating Corruption​
    (قانون ارتقاء سلامت نظام اداری و مقابله با فساد), (Persian);
  8. Law on Prohibition of Receiving Commission in Foreign Transactions
    (قانون ممنوعیت اخذ پورسانت در معاملات خارجی), (Persian);
  9. Law on Prohibition of the Intervention of Ministers and the Members of the Parliament and State Employees in State and National Transactions
    (قانون راجع به منع مداخله وزراء و نمایندگان مجلسین و کارمندان در معاملات دولتی و کشوری), (Persian);
  10. Executive Regulation on Preventing and Combating Corruption
    (آیین نامه پیشگیری و مبارزه با رشوه در دستگاههای اجرایی), (Persian).
Spain
  1. Criminal Code: Articles 419-430, 439, 441, 442, Title XIII, Chapter XI, Section 4 – Corruption in Business, Articles 31bis-31quinquies
    (Codigo Penal: Artículos 419-430, 439, 441, 442, Titulo XIII, Сapítulo XI, Sección 4  Delitos de corrupción en los negocios, Artículos 31bis-31quinquies​), (Spanish);

  2. Law on Civil Service, Division III, Chapter VIII
    (Ley articulada de Funcionarios Civiles del Estado: Titulo III, Capitulo VIII), (Spanish);

  3. Organic Law of December 26, 1984 No. 53/1984 «On Restrictions on Part-Time Work on Civil Servants»
    (Ley Orgánica 53/84, de 26 de diciembre, de Incompatibilidades del personal al servicio de las Administraciones Públicas), (Spanish);

  4. Law of March 30, 2015 «On the Duties of Persons Occupying Highest Positions in Public Administration»
    (Ley 3/2015, de 30 de marzo, reguladora del ejercicio del alto cargo de la Administración General del Estado), (Spanish).

Anti-Corruption Bodies
Iran
  1. Ministry of Justice of the Islamic Republic of Iran
    (وزارت دادگستری), (Persian/English);
  2. Financial Intelligence Unit, Ministry of Economic Affairs and Finance of the Islamic Republic of Iran
    (واحد اطلاعات مالی وزارت امور اقتصادی و دارایی), (Persian/English)
Spain
  1. Special Prosecutor’s Office for Countering Corruption and Organized Crime
    (Fiscalía Especial contra la Corrupción y el Crimen Organizado), (Spanish)

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