HSE University Anti-Corruption Portal
Comparison of countries
Iran
Portugal
Indices
Score:
25 out of 100
Rank:
150 out of 180
Score:
0,42 out of 1
Rank:
119 out of 139
Score:
69 out of 150
Rank:
95 out of 128
Overall Score:
62 out of 100
Rank:
32 out of 180
Rank:
57 out of 141
Overall Score:
0,70 out of 1
Rank:
26 out of 139
Overall Score:
60 out of 100
Overall Score:
73 out of 150
Rank:
92 out of 136
Overall Score:
8,23 out of 10
Rank:
14 out of 114
International Cooperation
UN
UN
GRECO
OECD
FATF
Iran
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2009.
  • The review under the first cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The executive summary is available here.
Portugal
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2007.
  • The review under the second cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The country report is available here.
  • GRECO’s member since 2002.
  • The Council of Europe’s Criminal Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2002.
  • The Council of Europe’s Civil Law Convention on Corruption is not ratified.
  • The fourth evaluation round is completed. The evaluation report is available here.
  • The OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions was ratified in 2000.
  • The country is undergoing Phase 3 evaluation of the implementation of the Convention. The report is available here.
  • Member of the FATF since 1991.
  • Evaluation Report on compliance with the FATF recommendations is available here.
Main Legislation
Iran
  1. Penal Code: Articles 20, 143 – Corporate criminal responsibility
    (قانون مجازات اسلامی: المادتان 20 ، 143 - مسئولية الكيانات الاعتبارية), (Persian);
  2. Book Five of the Criminal Code: Articles 91-97
    (الكتاب الخامس من قانون العقوبات الإسلامي (العقوبات والعقوبات الرادعة): المواد 91-97), (Persian);
  3. Law «On Increasing Penalties for the Convicted of Bribery, Embezzlement and Fraud»
    (اصلاح و تأیید موادی از لایحه تشدید مجازات مرتکبین ارتشاء اختلاس و کلاهبرداری), (Persian);
  4. Law «On Public Service»
    (قانون مدیریت خدمات کشوری), (Persian);
  5. The Punishment of Unjust and Illicit Exercise of Influence Law
    (قانون مجازات اعمال نفوذ برخلاف حق و مقررات قانونی), (Persian);
  6. The Penalizing the Disruption of the State’s Economic System Law
    (قانون مجازات اخلالگران در نظام اقتصادی کشور), (Persian);
  7. Law on Improving Administrative Discipline and Combating Corruption​
    (قانون ارتقاء سلامت نظام اداری و مقابله با فساد), (Persian);
  8. Law on Prohibition of Receiving Commission in Foreign Transactions
    (قانون ممنوعیت اخذ پورسانت در معاملات خارجی), (Persian);
  9. Law on Prohibition of the Intervention of Ministers and the Members of the Parliament and State Employees in State and National Transactions
    (قانون راجع به منع مداخله وزراء و نمایندگان مجلسین و کارمندان در معاملات دولتی و کشوری), (Persian);
  10. Executive Regulation on Preventing and Combating Corruption
    (آیین نامه پیشگیری و مبارزه با رشوه در دستگاههای اجرایی), (Persian).
Portugal
  1. Criminal Code: Articles 335, 363, 372-374-B, 376-377-A, 379, 382
    (Codigo Penal 2003: Artigos 335, 363, 372-374-B, 376-377-A, 379, 382), (Portuguese);

  2. Law of July 16, 1987 «Misconduct of Persons Occupying Most Senior Government Positions»
    (Lei n.º 34/87, de 16 de Julho Crimes da Responsabilidade de Titulares de Cargos Políticos), (Portuguese);

  3. Law of April 21, 2008 No. 19 «On Measures against Corruption»
    (Lei n.º 19/2008, de 21 de Abril Medidas de Combate à Corrupção), (Portuguese);

  4. Law of April 21, 2008 No. 20 «On Criminal Liability for Corruption Crimes in International Trade and in the Private Sector»
    (Lei n.º 20/2008, de 21 de Abril Novo regime penal de corrupção no comércio internacional e no sector privado), (Portuguese);

  5. Law No. 52 of July 31, 2019 «On the Adoption of the Rules Regulating the Exercise of Functions by the Individuals Holding Political Positions and High Public Positions»
    (Lei n.º 52/2019, de 31 de Julho Aprova o regime do exercício de funções por titulares de cargos políticos e altos cargos públicos), (Portuguese);

  6. Decree Law No. 109-E/2021 of December 9, 2021 «On the Establishment of a National Anti-Corruption Committee and the Establishment of a General Regime for the Prevention of Corruption»
    (Decreto-Lei n.º 109-E/2021, de 9 de Dezembro Mecanismo Nacional Anticorrupção e estabelece o regime geral de prevenção da corrupção), (Portuguese);

  7. Law No. 93/2021 of December 20, 2021 «On the Establishment of a General Protection Regime for Whistleblowers»
    (Lei n.º 93/2021, de 20 de Dezembro Estabelece o regime geral de proteção de denunciantes de infrações), (Portuguese).

Anti-Corruption Bodies
Iran
  1. Ministry of Justice of the Islamic Republic of Iran
    (وزارت دادگستری), (Persian/English);
  2. Financial Intelligence Unit, Ministry of Economic Affairs and Finance of the Islamic Republic of Iran
    (واحد اطلاعات مالی وزارت امور اقتصادی و دارایی), (Persian/English)
Portugal
  1. Council for the Prevention of Corruption
    (Conselho de Prevenção da Corrupção), (Portuguese);

  2. National Anti-Corruption Judicial Police Unit
    (Unidade Nacional de Combate à Corrupção da Polícia Judiciária), (Portuguese).

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