HSE University Anti-Corruption Portal
Comparison of countries
Overall Score:
78 out of 100
9 out of 180
7 out of 141
Overall Score:
7,80 out of 10
22 out of 119
Overall Score:
0,83 out of 1
5 out of 142
Overall Score:
54 out of 150
127 out of 140
Overall Score:
76 out of 100
Overall Score:
18 out of 100
170 out of 180
International Cooperation
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2014.
  • The review under the second cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The report is available here.
  • GRECO’s member since 1999.
  • The Council of Europe’s Criminal Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2017.
  • The Council of Europe’s Civil Law Convention on Corruption is not ratified.
  • The 5 evaluation round is completed. The evaluation report is available here.
  • The OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions was ratified in 1998.
  • The country is undergoing Phase 4 evaluation of the implementation of the Convention. The report is available here.
  • G20 Presidency in 2017.
  • The documents adopted under Germany’s Presidency are available here.
  • Member of the FATF since 1990.
  • Evaluation Report on compliance with the FATF recommendations is available here.
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was accessed in 2005.
Main Legislation
  1. Criminal Code: Articles 263, 265c-265e, 298-301, 331-337
    (Strafgesetzbuch: § 263, 265c-265e, 298-301, 331-338), (German), (English);

  2. Act on Regulatory Offences, Section 30
    (Ordnungswidrigkeitengesetz), (German), (English);

  3. Act on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions
    (Gesetz zu dem Übereinkommen vom 17. Dezember 1997 über die Bekämpfung der Bestechung ausländischer Amtsträger im internationalen Geschäftsverkehr), (German);

  4. Law on Civil Servants in the Federal States​
    (Gesetz zur Regelung des Statusrechts der Beamtinnen und Beamten in den Ländern)(German);

  5. Law on Federal Civil Service
    (Bundesbeamtengesetz), (German);

  6. Law on Whistleblower Protection

  1. Criminal Code of Turkmenistan: Articles 196, 197, 203-205, 218, 289-292, 406
    (Türkmenistanyň Jenaýat Kodeksi: 196, 197, 203-205, 218, 289-292, 406-nji maddalar), (Turkmen/Russian);

  2. Law of Turkmenistan of March 1, 2014 «On Countering Corruption»
    (Türkmenistanyň Kanuny «Korrupsiýa garşy hereket etmek hakynda»), (Turkmen/Russian);

  3. Law of Turkmenistan of March 26, 2016 «On the Civil Service»
    (Türkmenistanyň Kanuny «Döwlet gullugy hakynda»), (Turkmen/Russian);

  4. Law of Turkmenistan of March 26, 2016 «On the Ethics and Conduct of Public Officials»
    (Türkmenistanyň Kanuny «Döwlet gullukçysynyň etikasy we gulluk özüni alyp barşy hakynda»), (Turkmen/Russian);

Anti-Corruption Bodies
  1. Federal Criminal Police Office
    (Bundeskriminalamt), (German).


1. Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Turkmenistan
(Türkmenistanyň Içeri işler ministrligi), (Turkmen/Rissian/English);

2. General Prosecutor’s Office of the Turkmenistan
(Türkmenistanyň Baş Prokurory), (Turkmen/Russian/English).

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