HSE University Anti-Corruption Portal
Comparison of countries
Estonia
Turkmenistan
Indices
Overall Score:
74 out of 100
Rank:
13 out of 180
Rank:
125 out of 141
Overall Score:
0,81 out of 1
Rank:
11 out of 139
Overall Score:
96 out of 150
Rank:
48 out of 136
Overall Score:
8,42 out of 10
Rank:
12 out of 114
Overall Score:
19 out of 100
Rank:
169 out of 180
International Cooperation
UN
GRECO
OECD
UN
Estonia
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was accessed in 2006.
  • The review under the first cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The executive summary is available here.
  • GRECO’s member since 1999.
  • The Council of Europe’s Criminal Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2001.
  • The Council of Europe’s Civil Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2000.
  • The fifth evaluation round is completed. The evaluation report is available here.
  • The OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions was ratified in 2004.
  • The country is undergoing Phase 3 evaluation of the implementation of the Convention. The report is available here.
Turkmenistan
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was accessed in 2005.
Main Legislation
Estonia
  1. Penal Code: § 294, 296, 298, 2981, 3001, 4023, 4024
    (Karistusseadustik: § 294, 296, 298, 2981, 3001, 4023, 4024), (Estonian/English/Russian);

  2. Anti-Corruption Act
    (Korruptsioonivastane seadus), (Estonian/English)

Turkmenistan
  1. Criminal Code of Turkmenistan: Articles 181, 1811, 184-186, 199, 203, 267-269
    (Türkmenistanyň Jenaýat Kodeksi: 181, 1811, 184-186, 199, 203, 267-269-nji maddalar), (Turkmen/Russian);

  2. Law of Turkmenistan of March 1, 2014 «On Countering Corruption»
    (Türkmenistanyň Kanuny «Korrupsiýa garşy hereket etmek hakynda»), (Turkmen/Russian);

  3. Law of Turkmenistan of March 26, 2016 «On the Civil Service»
    (Türkmenistanyň Kanuny «Döwlet gullugy hakynda»), (Turkmen/Russian);

  4. Law of Turkmenistan of March 26, 2016 «On the Ethics and Conduct of Public Officials»
    (Türkmenistanyň Kanuny «Döwlet gullukçysynyň etikasy we gulluk özüni alyp barşy hakynda»), (Turkmen/Russian);

Anti-Corruption Bodies
Estonia
  1. Prosecutor’s Office
    (Prokuratuur), (Estonian/English/Russian);

  2. Ministry of Justice
    (Justiitsministeerium), (Estonian/English/Russian);

  3. Anti-Corruption Portal of Ministry of Justice
    (Justiitsministeerium), (Estonian/English/Russian);

  4. Internal Security Service
    (Kaitsepolitseiamet), (Estonian/English).

Turkmenistan

1. Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Turkmenistan
(Türkmenistanyň Içeri işler ministrligi), (Turkmen);

2. General Prosecutor’s Office of the Turkmenistan
(Türkmenistanyň Baş Prokurory), (Turkmen/Russian).

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