HSE University Anti-Corruption Portal
Comparison of countries
Ecuador
Costa Rica
Indices
Score:
39 out of 100
Rank:
92 out of 198
Rank:
120 out of 133
Score:
0,49 out of 1
Rank:
86 out of 128
Score:
38 out of 100
Score:
74 out of 150
Rank:
86 out of 128
Score:
5,95 out of 10
Rank:
78 out of 117
Overall Score:
57 out of 100
Rank:
42 out of 180
Rank:
83 out of 133
Overall Score:
0,68 out of 1
Rank:
25 out of 128
Overall Score:
57 out of 100
Overall Score:
8,04 out of 10
Rank:
25 out of 114
International Cooperation
UN
OAS
UN
OECD
OAS
Ecuador
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2005.
  • The review under the first cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The executive summary is available here.
  • The Inter-American Convention against Corruption was ratified in 1997.
Costa Rica
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2007.
  • The review under the first cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The country report is available here.
  • The OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions was ratified in 2017.
  • The country is undergoing Phase 2 evaluation of the implementation of the Convention. The report is available here.
  • The Inter-American Convention against Corruption was ratified in 1997.
Main Legislation
Ecuador
  1. Criminal Code, Chapter 5 Section 3, articles 278-281 and 285-286
    (Código Orgánico Integral Penal), (Spanish);
  2. Organic Law No. 294 of October 6, 2010 «On Public Service»
    (Ley con número de registro 294 del 6 de Octubre de 2010 «Ley orgánica del servicio público»), (Spanish)
Costa Rica
  1. Criminal Code, Part XIV Crimes against the Administration of Justice, Section I
    (Ley 4573, Código Penal, Titulo XIV Delitos contra la Administración de Justicia, Sección I), (Spanish);

  2. Law No. 8422 «On Countering Corruption and Illicit Enrichment in Civil Service»
    (Ley 8422 contra la corrupción y el enriquecimeinto ilícito en la función pública), (Spanish);

  3. Law No. 9699 «On Liability of Legal Persons for Bribery, Transnational Bribery and other Crimes»
    (Ley 9699 Responsabilidad de las personas jurídicas sobre cohechos domésticos, soborno transnacional y otros delitos), (Spanish).

Anti-Corruption Bodies
Ecuador
  1. Council of Citizen Participation and Social Control
    (Consejo de Participación Ciudadana y Control Social), (Spanish).
Costa Rica
  1. General Prosecutor’s Office of Costa Rica
    (Procuraduría General de la República de Costa Rica), (Spanish).

 

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