HSE University Anti-Corruption Portal
Comparison of countries
Costa Rica
North Macedonia
Indices
Overall Score:
57 out of 100
Rank:
42 out of 180
Rank:
83 out of 133
Overall Score:
0,68 out of 1
Rank:
25 out of 128
Overall Score:
57 out of 100
Overall Score:
8,04 out of 10
Rank:
25 out of 117
Score:
35 out of 100
Rank:
111 out of 180
Rank:
116 out of 133
Score:
0,53 out of 1
Rank:
58 out of 128
Score:
41 out of 100
Score:
112 out of 150
Rank:
23 out of 128
Score:
6,61 out of 10
Rank:
53 out of 117
International Cooperation
UN
OECD
OAS
UN
GRECO
IACA
Costa Rica
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2007.
  • The review under the first cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The country report is available here.
  • The OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions was ratified in 2017.
  • The country is undergoing Phase 2 evaluation of the implementation of the Convention. The report is available here.
  • The Inter-American Convention against Corruption was ratified in 1997.
North Macedonia
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2007.
  • The review under the second cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The executive summary is available here.
  • GRECO’s member since 2000.
  • The Council of Europe’s Criminal Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 1999.
  • The Council of Europe’s Civil Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2002.
  • The fifth evaluation round is completed. The evaluation report is available here.
  • The Agreement for the Establishment of the International Anti-Corruption Academy as an International Organization was ratified in 2011.
Main Legislation
Costa Rica
  1. Criminal Code, Part XIV Crimes against the Administration of Justice, Section I
    (Ley 4573, Código Penal, Titulo XIV Delitos contra la Administración de Justicia, Sección I), (Spanish);

  2. Law No. 8422 “On Countering Corruption and Illicit Enrichment in Civil Service”
    (Ley 8422 contra la corrupción y el enriquecimeinto ilícito en la función pública), (Spanish);

  3. Law No. 9699 “On Liability of Legal Persons for Bribery, Transnational Bribery and other Crimes”
    (Ley 9699 Responsabilidad de las personas jurídicas sobre cohechos domésticos, soborno transnacional y otros delitos), (Spanish).

North Macedonia
  1. Criminal Code of the Republic of North Macedonia, 252-253-а, 353, 354-359
    (Кривичниот законик на Република Северна Македонија), (Macedonian)(English);
  2. Law No. 12 of January 19, 2019 "On Prevention of Corruption and Conflict of Interest"
    (Законот не. 12 на јануари 19, 2019 “Закон за спречување на корупцијата и судирот на интереси”), (Macedonian);
  3. Law No. 27 of February 5, 2014 "On Civil Servants"
    (Законот не. 27 на 5 февруари 2014 година “Закон за административни службеници”), (Macedonian);
  4. Law No. 76 of October 27, 2004 "On Financial Political Parties"
    (Законот не. 76 на 27 октомври 2004 година “Закон за финансирање на политичките партии”), (Macedonian), (English);
  5. Code of Ethics for Civil Servants
    (Етички кодекс за државните службеници), (Macedonian)
Anti-Corruption Bodies
Costa Rica
  1. General Prosecutor’s Office of Costa Rica
    (Procuraduría General de la República de Costa Rica), (Spanish).

 
North Macedonia
  1. State Commission for Prevention of Corruption
    (Државна комисија за спречување на корупција), (Macedonian);
  2. Public Prosecutor's Office of the Republic of North Macedonia
    (Jавно обвинителство на република северна македонија), (Macedonian), (English).
 

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