HSE University Anti-Corruption Portal
Comparison of countries
Costa Rica
Kazakhstan
Indices
Overall Score:
56 out of 100
Rank:
44 out of 180
Rank:
83 out of 133
Overall Score:
0,68 out of 1
Rank:
25 out of 128
Overall Score:
57 out of 100
Overall Score:
8,04 out of 10
Rank:
25 out of 117
Overall Score:
34 out of 100
Rank:
113 out of 180
Overall Score:
0,52 out of 1
Rank:
62 out of 128
Overall Score:
58 out of 100
Overall Score:
61 out of 150
Rank:
113 out of 128
Overall Score:
6,11 out of 10
Rank:
74 out of 117
International Cooperation
UN
OECD
OAS
UN
GRECO
IACA
Costa Rica
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2007.
  • The review under the first cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The country report is available here.
  • The OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions was ratified in 2017.
  • The country is undergoing Phase 2 evaluation of the implementation of the Convention. The report is available here.
  • The Inter-American Convention against Corruption was ratified in 1997.
Kazakhstan
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was accessed in 2008.
  • The review under the first cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The executive summary is available here.
  • GRECO’s member since 2020.
  • The Agreement for the Establishment of the International Anti-Corruption Academy as an International Organization was ratified in 2013.
Main Legislation
Costa Rica
  1. Criminal Code, Part XIV Crimes against the Administration of Justice, Section I
    (Ley 4573, Código Penal, Titulo XIV Delitos contra la Administración de Justicia, Sección I), (Spanish);

  2. Law No. 8422 “On Countering Corruption and Illicit Enrichment in Civil Service”
    (Ley 8422 contra la corrupción y el enriquecimeinto ilícito en la función pública), (Spanish);

  3. Law No. 9699 “On Liability of Legal Persons for Bribery, Transnational Bribery and other Crimes”
    (Ley 9699 Responsabilidad de las personas jurídicas sobre cohechos domésticos, soborno transnacional y otros delitos), (Spanish).

Kazakhstan
  1. Criminal Code of the Republic of Kazakhstan, articles 361-368 and 417
    (Уголовный кодекс Республики Казахстан (ст. 361-368, 417)), (Russian);

  2. Code of Administrative Offences of the Republic of Kazakhstan of July 5, 2014 No. 235-V, Chapter 34 “Administrative Corruption Offences”
    (Кодекс Республики Казахстан об административных правонарушениях от 5 июля 2014 года № 235-V, Глава 34 - Административные коррупционные правонарушения), (Russian);

  3. Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan of November 18, 2015 No. 410-V ZRK “On Countering Corruption”
    (Закон Республики Казахстан от 18 ноября 2015 года №410-V ЗРК "О противодействии коррупции"), (Russian);

  4. Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan of November 23, 2015 No. 416-V ZRK “On Civil Service of the Republic of Kazakhstan”
    (Закон Республики Казахстан от 23 ноября 2015 года № 416-V ЗРК "О государственной службе Республики Казахстан"), (Russian);

  5. Decree of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan of December 26, 2014 No. 986 “On Anti-Corruption Strategy of the Republic of Kazakhstan for the Years 2015-2025”
    (Указ Президента Республики Казахстан от 26 декабря 2014 года №986 «Об Антикоррупционной стратегии Республики Казахстан на 2015-2025 годы»), (Russian);

  6. Decree of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan of December 29, 2015 No. 153 “On the Measures for Further Improvement of Ethical Norms and Rules of Conduct of Civil Servants of the Republic of Kazakhstan”
    (Указ Президента Республики Казахстан от 29 декабря 2015 № 153 «О мерах по дальнейшему совершенствованию этических норм и правил поведения государственных служащих Республики Казахстан), (Russian).

Anti-Corruption Bodies
Costa Rica
  1. General Prosecutor’s Office of Costa Rica
    (Procuraduría General de la República de Costa Rica), (Spanish).

 
Kazakhstan
  1. National Anti-Corruption Agency of the Republic of Kazakhstan
    (Сыбайлас жемқорлыққа қарсы іс-қимыл ұлттық агенттігі), (Kazakh), (Russian).

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