HSE University Anti-Corruption Portal
Comparison of countries
Colombia
North Macedonia
Indices
Overall Score:
40 out of 100
Rank:
87 out of 180
Overall Score:
4,78 out of 10
Rank:
108 out of 141
Overall Score:
50 out of 100
Overall Score:
0,48 out of 1
Rank:
94 out of 142
Overall Score:
103 out of 150
Rank:
35 out of 140
Overall Score:
6,11 out of 10
Rank:
62 out of 119
Score:
42 out of 100
Rank:
76 out of 180
Rank:
124 out of 141
Score:
35 out of 100
Score:
0,53 out of 1
Rank:
67 out of 142
Score:
110 out of 150
Rank:
26 out of 140
Score:
7,05 out of 10
Rank:
43 out of 119
International Cooperation
UN
OECD
OAS
UN
GRECO
Colombia
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2006.
  • The review under the first cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The country report is available here.
  • The OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions was ratified in 2013.
  • The country is undergoing Phase 3 evaluation of the implementation of the Convention. The report is available here.
  • The Inter-American Convention against Corruption was ratified in 1998.
North Macedonia
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2007.
  • The review under the second cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The country report is available here.
  • GRECO’s member since 2000.
  • The Council of Europe’s Criminal Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 1999.
  • The Council of Europe’s Civil Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2002.
  • The fifth evaluation round is completed. The evaluation report is available here.
  • The Agreement for the Establishment of the International Anti-Corruption Academy as an International Organization was ratified in 2011.
Main Legislation
Colombia
  1. Criminal Code: Articles 244, 245, 258, 403-407, 409, 411-412, 420, 431-434, 444, 444A
    (Ley 599 de 2000 Código Penal: Artículos 244, 245, 258, 403-407, 409, 411-412, 420, 431-434, 444, 444A), (Spanish);

  2. Law No. 190 of June 6, 1995 «On Ethical Rules for Public Administration and Provisions for Eradicating Corruption»
    (Ley 190 de 1995, Por la cual se dictan normas tendientes a preservar la moralidad en la administración pública y se fijan disposiciones con el fin de erradicar la corrupción administrativa.), (Spanish);

  3. Law No. 734 of February 5, 2002 «On Single Disciplinary Code»
    (Ley 734 de 2002, Por la cual se expide el Código Disciplinario Único), (Spanish);

  4. Law No. 1474 of July 12, 2011 «On Establishing Rules for Strengthening the Mechanisms for Preventing, Detecting and Punishing for Corruption Offences and Enhancing Control over Public Administration»
    (Ley 1474 de 2011 Por la cual se dictan normas orientadas a fortalecer los mecanismos de prevención, investigación y sanción de actos de corrupción y la efectividad del control de la gestión pública), (Spanish);

  5. Law No. 1778 of February 2, 2016 «On the Liability of Legal Persons for Transnational Corruption and Other Anti-Corruption Provisions»
    (Ley 1778 de 2016, Responsabilidad administrativa de las personas jurídicas por soborno de servidores públicos extranjeros en transacciones comerciales internacionales), (Spanish);

  6. Law No. 2013 of December 30, 2019 «On Ensuring Transparency via Publication of Income and Assets Disclosure Statements of Officials and Registration of Conflicts of Interest»
    (Ley 2013 de 2019, Por medio del cual se busca garantizar el cumplimiento de los principios de transparencia y publicidad mediante la publicación de las declaraciones de bienes, renta y el registro de los conflictos de interés), (Spanish);

  7. Law No. 2014 of December 30, 2019 «On Regulating the Penalties against Persons Condemned for Corruption, Crimes against Public Administration and Unilateral Administrative Assignment of Contract Due to Acts of Corruption, and Other Provisions»
    (Ley 2014 de 2019, Por medio de la cual se regulan las sanciones para condenados por corrupción y delitos contra la Administración pública, así como la cesión unilateral administrativa del contrato por actos de corrupción y se dictan otras disposiciones), (Spanish);

  8. Decree No. 1083 of May 26, 2015 «On Public Sector Administration»
    (Decreto 1083 de 2015 Sector de Función Pública), (Spanish);

  9. Circular of the General Prosecutor’s Office No. 017 of 2017 «On Obligations Related to Public Employment»
    (Circular 017 de 2017 Procuraduria General de la Nacion Por Cumplir una Serie de Obligaciones Relacionadas con el Empleo Público), (Spanish).

North Macedonia
  1. Criminal Code: Articles 252-253-а, 353, 356-359a
    (Кривичен законик: Чл. 252-253-а, 353, 356-359a), (Macedonian);
  2. Law No. 27 of February 5, 2014 «On Civil Servants»
    (Закон од 5 февруари 2014 година број 27 «За административни службеници»), (Macedonian);
  3. Law No. 196 of November 10, 2015 «On Whistleblower Protection»
    (Закон од 10 ноември 2015 година број 196 «За заштита на укажувачите»), (Macedonian);
  4. Law No. 12 of January 19, 2019 «On Prevention of Corruption and Conflict of Interest»
    (Закон од 19 јануари 2019 година број 12 «За спречување на корупцијата и судирот на интереси»), (Macedonian), (English);
  5. Code of Ethics for Civil Servants
    (Етички кодекс за државните службеници), (Macedonian).
Anti-Corruption Bodies
Colombia
  1. National Public Ethics Commission
    (Comisión Nacional de Moralización), (Spanish);

  2. Administrative Department of the Civil Service
    (Departamento Administrativo de la Función Pública), (Spanish);

  3. Transparency Secretariat
    (Secretaría de Transparencia), (Spanish);

  4. Anti-Corruption Portal of Colombia
    (Portal Anticorrupción de Colombia), (исп.).

 
North Macedonia
  1. State Commission for Prevention of Corruption
    (Државна комисија за спречување на корупција), (Macedonian);
  2. Public Prosecutor's Office of the Republic of North Macedonia
    (Jавно обвинителство на Република Северна Македонија), (Macedonian), (English);
  3. Economic Crime and Corruption Department of the Ministry of Interior
    (Одделение за борба против економски криминал и корупција при Министерстве за внатрешни работи), (Macedonian);
  4. Department for Organized Crime and Corruption of Criminal Court Skopje
    (Оддел за борба против организиран криминал и корупција при Основен кривичен суд Скопје), (Macedonian).
 

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