HSE University Anti-Corruption Portal
Comparison of countries
Colombia
Italy
Indices
Overall Score:
39 out of 100
Rank:
92 out of 180
Rank:
102 out of 133
Overall Score:
0,50 out of 1
Rank:
77 out of 128
Overall Score:
47 out of 100
Overall Score:
102 out of 150
Rank:
38 out of 129
Overall Score:
6,5 out of 10
Rank:
60 out of 117
Overall Score:
53 out of 100
Rank:
52 out of 180
Rank:
41 out of 133
Overall Score:
0,66 out of 1
Rank:
27 out of 128
Overall Score:
71 out of 100
Overall Score:
85 out of 150
Rank:
65 out of 129
Overall Score:
7,9 out of 10
Rank:
27 out of 117
International Cooperation
UN
OECD
OAS
UN
GRECO
OECD
G20
FATF
Colombia
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2006.
  • The review under the first cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The country report is available here.
  • The OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions was ratified in 2013.
  • The country is undergoing Phase 3 evaluation of the implementation of the Convention. The report is available here.
  • The Inter-American Convention against Corruption was ratified in 1998.
Italy
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2009.
  • The review under the second cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The country report is available here.
  • GRECO’s member since 2007.
  • The Council of Europe’s Criminal Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2013.
  • The Council of Europe’s Civil Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2013.
  • The forth evaluation round is completed. The evaluation report is available here.
  • The OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions was ratified in 2000.
  • The country is undergoing Phase 3 evaluation of the implementation of the Convention. The report is available here.
  • G20 Presidency is scheduled for 2021.
  • Member of the FATF since 1990.
  • Evaluation Report on compliance with the FATF recommendations is available here.
Main Legislation
Colombia
  1. Criminal Code, Section XV «Crimes against Public Administration»; articles 244, 245 and 250A
    (Ley 599 de 2000 Código Penal, Titulo XV Delitos contra la administracion publica, Artículos 244, 245, 250A), (Spanish);

  2. Law No. 190 of June 6, 1995 «On Ethical Rules for Public Administration and Provisions for Eradicating Corruption»
    (Ley 190 de 1995, Por la cual se dictan normas tendientes a preservar la moralidad en la administración pública y se fijan disposiciones con el fin de erradicar la corrupción administrativa.), (Spanish);

  3. Law No. 1474 of July 12, 2011 «On Establishing Rules for Strengthening the Mechanisms for Preventing, Detecting and Punishing for Corruption Offences and Enhancing Control over Public Administration»
    (Ley 1474 de 2011 Por la cual se dictan normas orientadas a fortalecer los mecanismos de prevención, investigación y sanción de actos de corrupción y la efectividad del control de la gestión pública), (Spanish);

  4. Law No. 1778 of February 2, 2016 «On the Liability of Legal Persons for Transnational Corruption and Other Anti-Corruption Provisions»
    (Ley 1778 de 2016, Responsabilidad administrativa de las personas jurídicas por soborno de servidores públicos extranjeros en transacciones comerciales internacionales), (Spanish);

  5. Law No. 2013 of December 30, 2019 «On Ensuring Transparency via Publication of Income and Assets Disclosure Statements of Officials and Registration of Conflicts of Interest»
    (Ley 2013 de 2019, Por medio del cual se busca garantizar el cumplimiento de los principios de transparencia y publicidad mediante la publicación de las declaraciones de bienes, renta y el registro de los conflictos de interés), (Spanish);

  6. Law No. 2014 of December 30, 2019 «On Regulating the Penalties against Persons Condemned for Corruption and Crimes against Public Administration»
    (Ley 2014 de 2019, Por medio de la cual se regulan las sanciones para condenados por corrupción y delitos contra la Administración pública, así como la cesión unilateral administrativa del contrato por actos de corrupción y se dictan otras disposiciones), (Spanish);

  7. Decree No. 1083 of May 26, 2015 «On Public Sector Administration»
    (Decreto 1083 de 2015 Sector de Función Pública), (Spanish);

  8. Circular of the General Prosecutor’s Office No. 017 of 2017 «On Obligations Related to Public Employment»
    (Circular 017 de 2017 Procuraduria General de la Nacion Por Cumplir una Serie de Obligaciones Relacionadas con el Empleo Público), (Spanish).

Italy
  1. Criminal Code, articles 318-322, 222bis, 346 bis, 357 and 358
    (Codice penale), (Italian);

  2. Law of July 20, 2004 No. 215 «Procedures for Managing Conflicts of Interest»
    (Legge 20 luglio 2004, n. 215 «Norme in materia di risoluzione dei conflitti di interessi»), (Italian);

  3. Law of November 6, 2012 No. 190 «On Countering Corruption and Unlawfulness in Public Administration»
    (Legge 6 novembre 2012, n. 190 «Disposizioni per la prevenzione e la repressione della corruzione e dell'illegalita' nella pubblica amministrazione»), (Italian);

  4. Decree of the President of the Italian Republic of April 16, 2013 No. 62 «Regulation on the Code of Conduct for Civil Servants»
    (Decreto Del Presidente Della Repubblica del 16 aprile 2013, n. 62 «Regolamento recante codice di comportamento dei dipendenti pubblici»), (Italian);

  5. Legislative Decree No. 165 of March 30, 2001 «General Provisions for Working Conditions in Public Administration»
    (Decreto Legislativo 30 marzo 2001, n. 165 «Norme generali sull'ordinamento del lavoro alle dipendenze delle amministrazioni pubbliche»), (Italian);

  6. Legislative Decree of June 8, 2001 No. 231 «On Administrative Liability of Legal Persons, Companies and Associations and those with no Legal Personality», Article 25
    (Decreto Legislativo 8 giugno 2001, n. 231 «Disciplina della responsabilita' amministrativa delle persone giuridiche, delle societa' e delle associazioni anche prive di personalita' giuridica»), (Italian);

  7. Legislative Decree of March 14, 2013 No. 33 «On the Reorganization of the Procedure for Providing Due Publicity, Transparency and Dissemination of Information by Public Bodies»
    (Decreto Legislativo 14 marzo 2013, n. 33 «Riordino della disciplina riguardante gli obblighi di pubblicita', trasparenza e diffusione di informazioni da parte delle pubbliche amministrazioni»), (Italian).

Anti-Corruption Bodies
Colombia
  1. National Public Ethics Commission
    (Comisión Nacional de Moralización), (Spanish);

  2. Administrative Department of the Civil Service
    (Departamento Administrativo de la Función Pública), (Spanish)

 
Italy
  1. National Anti-Corruption Authority
    (Autorità Nazionale Anticorruzione), (Italian).

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