HSE University Anti-Corruption Portal
Comparison of countries
China
Egypt
Indices
Overall Score:
42 out of 100
Rank:
76 out of 180
Rank:
11 out of 141
Overall Score:
20 out of 100
Overall Score:
0,47 out of 1
Rank:
97 out of 142
Overall Score:
75 out of 150
Rank:
91 out of 140
Overall Score:
35 out of 100
Rank:
108 out of 180
Rank:
56 out of 141
Overall Score:
49 out of 100
Overall Score:
0,35 out of 1
Rank:
136 out of 142
Overall Score:
4,77 out of 10
Rank:
89 out of 119
International Cooperation
UN
G20
APEC
FATF
BRICS
UN
BRICS
AU
China
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2006.
  • The review under the first cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The executive summary is available here.
  • G20 Presidency in 2016.
  • The documents adopted under China’s Presidency are available here.
  • APEC’s member since 1991.
  • Member of the FATF since 2007.
  • Evaluation Report on compliance with the FATF recommendations is available here.
  • BRICS Member since 2009.
  • Holds BRICS Presidency in 2022.
  • The Agreement for the Establishment of the International Anti-Corruption Academy as an International Organization was ratified in 2013.
SCO
Egypt
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2005.
  • The review under the second cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The executive summary is available here.

 

  • BRICS Member since 2024.
  • The Agreement for the Establishment of the International Anti-Corruption Academy as an International Organization was ratified in 2013.
  • The AU Convention on Preventing and Combating Corruption was ratified in 2017.
Main Legislation
China
  1. Criminal Code: Articles 163-166, 169, 382-397, 399, 401-405, 410-414, 418, (Chinese), (English);

  2. Law of the People’s Republic of China against Unfair Competition of September 2, 1993, (English);

  3. Law of the People's Republic of China on Public Servants of April 27, 2005, (Chinese), (English);

  4. Supervision Law of the People’s Republic of China of March 20, 2018, (Chinese), (English);

  5. Law on Graft Busters of August 20, 2021, (Chinese);

  6. Provision on Strictly Prohibiting Party and Government Organs and Party Officials from Doing Business and Running Enterprises of March 12, 1984 (unofficial source)
    (关于严禁党政机关和党政干部经商、办企业的决定), (Chinese);

  7. Provision on Further Prohibiting Party and Government Organs and Party and Government Officials from Doing Business and Running Enterprises of February 4, 1986 (unofficial source)
    (关于进一步制止党政机关和党政干部经商、办企业的规定), (Chinese);

  8. Interim Provisions on Banning Commercial Bribery of November 15, 1996, (Chinese);

  9. Several Provisions on the Personal Securities Investment Behaviors of Staff of Party and Government Organs of April 3, 2001 (unofficial source)
    (关于党政机关兴办经济实体和党政机关干部从事经营活动问题的通知), (Chinese);

  10. Notice on the Establishment of Economic Entities by Party and Government Organs and the Business Activities of Cadres of Party and Government Organs of June 26, 1992 (unofficial source)
    (关于党政机关兴办经济实体和党政机关干部从事经营活动问题的通知), (Chinese).

 
Egypt
  1. Constitution: Articles 109,145,166
    (166، 145 ، 109 مقالات2019 ,الدستور المصري المعدل), (Arabic);
  2. Criminal Code: Articles 103-111, 115
    (قانون العقوبات رقم 58 لسنة 1937 103-111 ، 115), (Arabic);
  3. Law No. 62 of 1975 «On Illegal Income»
    (قانون الكسب غير المشروع), (Arabic);
  4. Law No. 106 of 2013 «On the regulation of conflicts of interest in the public service»
    (قانون حظر تعارض مصالح المسئولين في الدولة), (Arabic);
  5. Law No. 81 of 2016 «On public service»
    (قانون الخدمة المدنية رقم 81 لسنة 2016), (Arabic);
  6. Presidential Decree No. 1112 of 1975 «On the Execution of Law No. 62 of 1975 on Illegal Income»
    للائحة التنفيذية لقانون الكسب غير المشروع رقم 62 لسنة 1975), (Arabic);
  7. Prime Ministerial Order No. 1216 of 2017 «On the Implementation of the Law of 2016 No. 81 on Public Service»
    (اللائحة التنفيذية لقانون الخدمة المدنية رقم 81 لسنة 2016), (Arabic).

 

Anti-Corruption Bodies
China
  1. National Supervisory Commission of the People’s Republic of China, (Chinese);

  2. Hong Kong Independent Commission against Corruption, (Chinese), (English);

  3. Commission against Corruption, Macao Special Administrative Region, (Chinese/English).

Egypt
  1. Administrative Control Authority
    (هيئة الرقابة الإدارية), (Arabic/English/French);
  2. National Coordinating Committee for Preventing and Combating Corruption
    (اللجنة الوطنية التنسيقية للوقاية من الفساد ومكافحته), (Arab/English/French).

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