HSE University Anti-Corruption Portal
Comparison of countries
China
Albania
Indices
Overall Score:
41 out of 100
Rank:
80 out of 180
Rank:
25 out of 133
Overall Score:
0,48 out of 1
Rank:
88 out of 128
Overall Score:
19 out of 100
Overall Score:
75 out of 150
Rank:
85 out of 128
Overall Score:
5,22 out of 10
Rank:
99 out of 117
Overall Score:
35 out of 100
Rank:
106 out of 180
Overall Score:
55 out of 100
Overall Score:
0,5 out of 1
Rank:
78 out of 128
Overall Score:
127 out of 150
Rank:
6 out of 128
Overall Score:
6,48 out of 10
Rank:
61 out of 117
International Cooperation
UN
G20
APEC
FATF
BRICS
IACA
UN
GRECO
IACA
China
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2006.
  • The review under the first cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The executive summary is available here.
  • G20 Presidency in 2016.
  • The documents adopted under China’s Presidency are available here.
  • APEC’s member since 1991.
  • Member of the FATF since 2007.
  • Evaluation Report on compliance with the FATF recommendations is available here.
  • BRICS Member since 2009.
  • BRICS Presidency is scheduled for 2022.
  • The Agreement for the Establishment of the International Anti-Corruption Academy as an International Organization was ratified in 2013.
Albania
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2006.
  • The review under the first cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The country report is available here.
  • GRECO’s member since 2001.
  • The Council of Europe’s Criminal Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2001.
  • The Council of Europe’s Civil Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2000.
  • The fourth evaluation round is completed. The evaluation report is available here.
  • The Agreement for the Establishment of the International Anti-Corruption Academy as an International Organization was ratified in 2011.
Main Legislation
China
  1. Criminal Code, Chapter 8 – Graft and Bribery - Articles 382-396 and 164, (English);

  2. Supervision Law of the People’s Republic of China of March 20, 2018, (Chinese), (English);

  3. Law of the People’s Republic of China against Unfair Competition of September 2, 1993, (English).

 
Albania
  1. Criminal Code, articles 164-164/b, 244, 244/a, 245, 245/1, 248, 257, 257/а, 258, 287, 287/b, 259, 259/a, 312, 319-319/e and 328
    (Kodi penal, Nenet 164-164/b, 244, 244/a, 245, 245/1, 248, 257, 257/а, 258, 287, 287/b, 259, 259/a, 312, 319-319/e, 328), (Albanian), (English);
  2. Law No. 9049 of April 10, 2003 “On the Declaration of and Control over the Assets and Financial Obligations of Elected Persons and Other Public Officials”
    (Ligj Nr.9049, datë 10.4.2003 Për deklarimin dhe kontrollin e pasurive, të detyrimeve financiare të të zgjedhurve dhe të disa nëpunësve publikë), (Albanian);
  3. Law No. 9131 of September 8, 2003 “On the Rules of Ethics in Public Administration”
    (Ligj Nr.9131, datë 8.9.2003 Per rregullat e etikes ne administraten publike), (Albanian), (English);
  4. Law No. 9367 of April 7, 2005 “On the Prevention of Conflicts of Interest in the Exercise of Public Functions”
    (Ligj Nr. 9367, datë 7.04.2005, Për parandalimin e konfliktit të interesave në ushtrimin e funksioneve publike),(Albanian), (English);
  5. Law No. 152/2013 of October 1, 2013 “On Civil Service”
    (Ligj Nr.152/2013, datë 1.10.2013 Për nëpunësin civil), (Albanian);
  6. Law No. 44/2015 of 30 April 2015 “Code of Administrative Procedures of the Republic of Albania”
    (Ligj Nr. 44/2015, datë 30.4.2015 Kodi i procedurave administrative i Republikës së Shqipërisë), (Albanian);
  7. Law No. 138/2015 of December 17, 2015 “On Ensuring the Immunity of Elected or Appointed Individuals or Individuals Holding Public Positions”
    (Ligj Nr. 138/2015, datë 17.12.2015 Për garantimin e integritetit të personave që zgjidhen, emërohen ose ushtrojnë funksione publike), (Albanian);
  8. Law No. 95/2016 of October 6, 2016 “On the Organization and Functioning of Authorities for Combating Corruption and Organized Crime”
    (Ligj Nr. 95/2016 Për organizimin dhe funksionimin e institucioneve për të luftuar korrupsionin dhe krimin e organizuar), (Albanian).
Anti-Corruption Bodies
China
  1. National Supervisory Commission of the People’s Republic of China, (Chinese);

  2. Hong Kong Independent Commission against Corruption, (Chinese), (English);

  3. Commission against Corruption, Macao Special Administrative Region, (Chinese), (English).

Albania
  1. Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Albania
    (Ministria e Drejtësisë), (Albanian);
  2. General Prosecutor’s Office of the Republic of Albania
    (Prokuroria e Përgjithshme), (Albanian).
 

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