HSE University Anti-Corruption Portal
Comparison of countries
Belgium
Uruguay
Indices
Overall Score:
75 out of 100
Rank:
17 out of 180
Rank:
50 out of 133
Overall Score:
0,79 out of 1
Rank:
14 out of 128
Overall Score:
N/A
Overall Score:
59 out of 150
Rank:
115 out of 128
Overall Score:
8,78 out of 10
Rank:
13 out of 117
Overall Score:
71 out of 100
Rank:
21 out of 180
Overall Score:
0,71 out of 1
Rank:
22 out of 128
Overall Score:
92 out of 150
Rank:
56 out of 128
Overall Score:
7,95 out of 10
Rank:
26 out of 117
International Cooperation
UN
GRECO
OECD
FATF
UN
OAS
Belgium
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2008.
  • The review under the second cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The executive summary is available here.
  • GRECO’s member since 1999.
  • The Council of Europe’s Criminal Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2004.
  • The Council of Europe’s Civil Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2007.
  • The fifth evaluation round is completed. The evaluation report is available here.
  • The OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions was ratified in 1999.
  • The country is undergoing Phase 3 evaluation of the implementation of the Convention. The report is available here.
  • Member of the FATF since 1990.
  • Evaluation Report on compliance with the FATF recommendations is available here.
Uruguay
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2007.
  • The review under the second cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The executive summary is available here.
  • The Inter-American Convention against Corruption was ratified in 1998.
Main Legislation
Belgium

1. Criminal Code, articles 246-253, 324, 504 and article 5
(Wetboek van Strafrecht: Art. 246-253, 324, 504, 5), (Dutch);

2. Law of September 15, 2013 "On the Disclosure of Information on Alleged Violation of the Rules of Conduct for Public Officials"
(Wet van 15 septembre 2013, beteffende de melding van een verondestelde integriteitsschending in de federale administratieve overheden door haar personeelsleden), (Dutch);

3. The Code of Ethics for Federal Public Officials
(Deontologisch Kader), (Dutch), (French);

4. Guide to the Management of Conflicts of Interest in Federal Public Administration
(Handleiding bij belangenconflicten in het Belgisch federaal administratief openbaar ambt), (Dutch), (French);

5. Circular of May 5, 2014 “On the Management of Conflicts of Interest in Public Procurement: “Revolving Door”
(Omzendbrief 5 mei 2014 - Overheidsopdrachten - Belangenvermenging – Draaideurconstructie), (Dutch).

Uruguay
  1. Criminal Law, Book II, Part 4 “Crimes against Public Administration”
    (Código Penal N° 9155, Libro II, Titulo IV Delitos contra la administracion publica), (Spanish); 

  2. Law of December 23, 1998 No. 17.060 “On Regulations Regarding Misuse of Public Office (Corruption)”
    (Ley 17.060 de 1998 Dictanse normas referidas al uso indebido del poder público (Corrupción)), (Spanish); 

  3. Law of September 25, 2019 No. 19.823 “Code of Ethics for Public Administration”
    (Ley 19.823 de 2019 Código de Ética en la Función Pública), (Spanish);

  4. Law of August 25, 2015 No. 19.340 “On the Council for Transparency and Public Ethics”
    (Ley 19.340 de 2015 Junta de Transparencia y Ética Pública JUTEP), (Spanish); 

  5. Law of June 22, 2012 No. 18.914 “On Money-Laundering”
    (Ley 18.914 de 2012 Lavado de activos), (Spanish).

Anti-Corruption Bodies
Belgium
  1. Central Bureau for Countering Corruption, Federal Police of Belgium
    (Office Central pour la Répression de la Corruption), (Dutch).
Uruguay
  1. Council for Transparency and Public Ethics
    (Junta de Transparencia y Etica Publica), (Spanish). 

 

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