HSE University Anti-Corruption Portal
Comparison of countries
Belgium
Portugal
Indices
Overall Score:
73 out of 100
Rank:
18 out of 180
Rank:
50 out of 133
Overall Score:
0,79 out of 1
Rank:
14 out of 139
Overall Score:
59 out of 150
Rank:
120 out of 136
Overall Score:
8,78 out of 10
Rank:
13 out of 116
Overall Score:
62 out of 100
Rank:
32 out of 180
Rank:
76 out of 133
Overall Score:
0,70 out of 1
Rank:
26 out of 139
Overall Score:
66 out of 100
Overall Score:
73 out of 150
Rank:
92 out of 136
Overall Score:
8,3 out of 10
Rank:
21 out of 116
International Cooperation
UN
GRECO
OECD
FATF
UN
GRECO
OECD
FATF
Belgium
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2008.
  • The review under the second cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The country report is available here.
  • GRECO’s member since 1999.
  • The Council of Europe’s Criminal Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2004.
  • The Council of Europe’s Civil Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2007.
  • The fifth evaluation round is completed. The evaluation report is available here.
  • The OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions was ratified in 1999.
  • The country is undergoing Phase 3 evaluation of the implementation of the Convention. The report is available here.
  • Member of the FATF since 1990.
  • Evaluation Report on compliance with the FATF recommendations is available here.
Portugal
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2007.
  • The review under the second cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The country report is available here.
  • GRECO’s member since 2002.
  • The Council of Europe’s Criminal Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2002.
  • The Council of Europe’s Civil Law Convention on Corruption is not ratified.
  • The fourth evaluation round is completed. The evaluation report is available here.
  • The OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions was ratified in 2000.
  • The country is undergoing Phase 3 evaluation of the implementation of the Convention. The report is available here.
  • Member of the FATF since 1991.
  • Evaluation Report on compliance with the FATF recommendations is available here.
Main Legislation
Belgium

1. Criminal Code: Articles 246-250, 504bis, 504ter
(Wetboek van Strafrecht: Art. 246-250, 504bis, 504ter), (Dutch);

2. Law of September 15, 2013 «On the Disclosure of Information on Alleged Violation of the Rules of Conduct for Public Officials»
(Wet van 15 septembre 2013, beteffende de melding van een verondestelde integriteitsschending in de federale administratieve overheden door haar personeelsleden), (Dutch);

3. The Code of Ethics for Federal Public Officials
(Deontologisch Kader), (Dutch/French);

4. Guide to the Management of Conflicts of Interest in Federal Public Administration
(Handleiding bij belangenconflicten in het Belgisch federaal administratief openbaar ambt), (Dutch), (French);

5. Circular of May 5, 2014 «On the Management of Conflicts of Interest in Public Procurement: "Revolving Door"»
(Omzendbrief 5 mei 2014 - Overheidsopdrachten - Belangenvermenging – Draaideurconstructie), (Dutch).

Portugal
  1. Criminal Code: Articles 335, 363, 372-377-A, 379 and 382
    (Codigo Penal 2003: Artigos 335, 363, 372-377-A, 379, 382), (Portuguese);

  2. Law of April 2, 1983 «On Public Control Over the Assets of Persons Occupying Most Senior Government Positions»
    (Lei n.º 4/83, de 2 de Abril Controle Público da Riqueza dos Titulares de Cargos Políticos), (Portuguese);

  3. Law of July 16, 1987 «Misconduct of Persons Occupying Most Senior Government Positions»
    (Lei n.º 34/87, de 16 de Julho Crimes da Responsabilidade de Titulares de Cargos Políticos), (Portuguese);

  4. Law of April 21, 2008 No. 19 «On Measures against Corruption»
    (Lei n.º 19/2008, de 21 de Abril Medidas de Combate à Corrupção), (Portuguese);

  5. Law of April 21, 2008 No. 20 «On Criminal Liability for Corruption Crimes in International Trade and in the Private Sector»
    (Lei n.º 20/2008, de 21 de Abril Novo regime penal de corrupção no comércio internacional e no sector privado), (Portuguese);

  6. Law of September 4, 2008 «Council for the Prevention of Corruption»
    (Lei n.º 54/2008, de 4 de Setembro Cria o Conselho de Prevenção da Corrupção (CPC)), (Portuguese);

  7. Law No. 52 of July 31, 2019 «On the Adoption of the Rules Regulating the Exercise of Functions by the Individuals Holding Political Positions and High Public Positions»
    (Lei n.º 52/2019, de 31 de Julho Aprova o regime do exercício de funções por titulares de cargos políticos e altos cargos públicos), (Portuguese);

  8. Decree Law No. 109-E/2021 of December 9, 2021 «On the Establishment of a National Anti-Corruption Committee and the Establishment of a General Regime for the Prevention of Corruption»
    (Decreto-Lei n.º 109-E/2021, de 9 de Dezembro Mecanismo Nacional Anticorrupção e estabelece o regime geral de prevenção da corrupção), (Portuguese);

  9. Law No. 93/2021 of December 20, 2021 «On the Establishment of a General Protection Regime for Whistleblowers»
    (Lei n.º 93/2021, de 20 de Dezembro Estabelece o regime geral de proteção de denunciantes de infrações), (Portuguese).

Anti-Corruption Bodies
Belgium
  1. Central Bureau for Countering Corruption, Federal Police of Belgium
    (Office Central pour la Répression de la Corruption), (Dutch/French);
  2. Federal Prosecutor's Office
    (Federaal parket), (Dutch/French).
Portugal
  1. Council for the Prevention of Corruption
    (Conselho de Prevenção da Corrupção), (Portuguese);

  2. National Anti-Corruption Judicial Police Unit
    (Unidade Nacional de Combate à Corrupção), (Portuguese).

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