HSE University Anti-Corruption Portal
Comparison of countries
114 out of 141
Overall Score:
73 out of 150
93 out of 140
Overall Score:
34 out of 100
115 out of 180
59 out of 141
Overall Score:
64 out of 100
Overall Score:
0,41 out of 1
117 out of 142
Overall Score:
74 out of 150
92 out of 140
Overall Score:
6,24 out of 10
60 out of 119
International Cooperation
  • GRECO’s member since 2005.
  • The Council of Europe’s Criminal Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2008.
  • The Council of Europe’s Civil Law Convention on Corruption is not ratified.
  • The fourth evaluation round is completed. The evaluation report is available here.
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2006.
  • The review under the first cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The executive summary is available here.
  • GRECO’s member since 2004.
  • The Council of Europe’s Criminal Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2004.
  • The Council of Europe’s Civil Law Convention on Corruption was not ratified in 2003.
  • The fifth evaluation round is completed. The evaluation report is available here.
  • The OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions was ratified in 2000.
  • The country is undergoing Phase 3 evaluation of the implementation of the Convention. The report is available here.
  • G20 Presidency in 2015.
  • The documents adopted under Turkey’s Presidency are available here.
  • Member of the FATF since 1991.
  • Evaluation Report on compliance with the FATF recommendations is available here.
  • The Agreement for the Establishment of the International Anti-Corruption Academy as an International Organization was ratified in 2012.
Main Legislation
  1. Criminal Code: Articles 380-387, 389-392
    (Codi Penal: Articles 380-387, 389-392), (Catalan);

  2. Law 1/2019 of January 17, 2019 «On Public Service»
    (Llei 1/2019, del 17 de gener, de la funció pública), (Catalan).

  1. Criminal Code: Articles 235, 236, 252-255, 282
    (Türk Ceza Kanunu: Madde 235, 236, 252-255, 282), (Turkish);

  2. Law on Civil Service of July 14, 1965 No. № 657
    (14/7/1965 tarihli ve 657 sayılı Devlet Memurları Kanunu), (Turkish);

  3. Act of June 10, 1981 No. 17480 «On the Prohibition of Employment after Dismissal from the Public Sector»
    (10/06/1981 tarihli ve 17480 sayılı Kamu Görevlerinden Ayrılanların Yapamayacakları İşler Hakkında Kanun)(Turkish);

  4. Act of April 19, 1990 No. 3628 «On Declaration of Property and Fight against Bribery and Corruption»
    (19/04/1990 tarihli ve 3628 sayılı Mal Bildiriminde Bulunulması, Rüşvet ve Yolsuzluklarla Mücadele Kanunu), (Turkish);

  5. Law of May 25, 2004 No. 5176 «On the Establishment of Council of Ethics for Public Service and on Amendments to Specific Laws»
    (25/05/2004 tarihli ve 5176 sayılı Kamu Görevlileri Etik Kurulu Kurulmasi Ve Bazi Kanunlarda Değişiklik Yapilmasi Hakkinda Kanun), (Turkish);

  6. Regulation No. 90/748 on Declaration of Assets
    (Yönetmelik № 90/748 Mal Bildiriminde Bulunulmasi Hakkinda), (Turkish);

  7. Regulation on Ethical Principles of Conduct for Public Officials and Principles and Procedures of Their Application
    (Yönetmelik Kamu Görevlileri Etik Davraniş İlkeleri İle Başvuru Usul Ve Esaslari Hakkinda), (Turkish).

Anti-Corruption Bodies
  1. Unit for the Fight against Corruption, Ministry of Justice and Internal Affairs
    (Unitat del Ministeri de Justícia i Interior de Prevenció i Lluita contra la Corrupció), (Catalan).

  1. Council of Ethics for the Public Service​
    (Kamu Görevlileri Etik Kurulu)(Turkish).

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