HSE University Anti-Corruption Portal
Comparison of countries
114 out of 141
Overall Score:
73 out of 150
93 out of 140
Overall Score:
42 out of 100
76 out of 180
11 out of 141
Overall Score:
20 out of 100
Overall Score:
0,47 out of 1
97 out of 142
Overall Score:
75 out of 150
91 out of 140
International Cooperation
  • GRECO’s member since 2005.
  • The Council of Europe’s Criminal Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2008.
  • The Council of Europe’s Civil Law Convention on Corruption is not ratified.
  • The fourth evaluation round is completed. The evaluation report is available here.
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2006.
  • The review under the first cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The executive summary is available here.
  • G20 Presidency in 2016.
  • The documents adopted under China’s Presidency are available here.
  • APEC’s member since 1991.
  • Member of the FATF since 2007.
  • Evaluation Report on compliance with the FATF recommendations is available here.
  • BRICS Member since 2009.
  • Holds BRICS Presidency in 2022.
  • The Agreement for the Establishment of the International Anti-Corruption Academy as an International Organization was ratified in 2013.
Main Legislation
  1. Criminal Code: Articles 380-387, 389-392
    (Codi Penal: Articles 380-387, 389-392), (Catalan);

  2. Law 1/2019 of January 17, 2019 «On Public Service»
    (Llei 1/2019, del 17 de gener, de la funció pública), (Catalan).

  1. Criminal Code: Articles 163-166, 169, 382-397, 399, 401-405, 410-414, 418, (Chinese), (English);

  2. Law of the People’s Republic of China against Unfair Competition of September 2, 1993, (English);

  3. Law of the People's Republic of China on Public Servants of April 27, 2005, (Chinese), (English);

  4. Supervision Law of the People’s Republic of China of March 20, 2018, (Chinese), (English);

  5. Law on Graft Busters of August 20, 2021, (Chinese);

  6. Provision on Strictly Prohibiting Party and Government Organs and Party Officials from Doing Business and Running Enterprises of March 12, 1984 (unofficial source)
    (关于严禁党政机关和党政干部经商、办企业的决定), (Chinese);

  7. Provision on Further Prohibiting Party and Government Organs and Party and Government Officials from Doing Business and Running Enterprises of February 4, 1986 (unofficial source)
    (关于进一步制止党政机关和党政干部经商、办企业的规定), (Chinese);

  8. Interim Provisions on Banning Commercial Bribery of November 15, 1996, (Chinese);

  9. Several Provisions on the Personal Securities Investment Behaviors of Staff of Party and Government Organs of April 3, 2001 (unofficial source)
    (关于党政机关兴办经济实体和党政机关干部从事经营活动问题的通知), (Chinese);

  10. Notice on the Establishment of Economic Entities by Party and Government Organs and the Business Activities of Cadres of Party and Government Organs of June 26, 1992 (unofficial source)
    (关于党政机关兴办经济实体和党政机关干部从事经营活动问题的通知), (Chinese).

Anti-Corruption Bodies
  1. Unit for the Fight against Corruption, Ministry of Justice and Internal Affairs
    (Unitat del Ministeri de Justícia i Interior de Prevenció i Lluita contra la Corrupció), (Catalan).

  1. National Supervisory Commission of the People’s Republic of China, (Chinese);

  2. Hong Kong Independent Commission against Corruption, (Chinese), (English);

  3. Commission against Corruption, Macao Special Administrative Region, (Chinese/English).

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