HSE University Anti-Corruption Portal
Comparison of countries
Albania
Thailand
Indices
Overall Score:
35 out of 100
Rank:
110 out of 180
Overall Score:
52 out of 100
Overall Score:
0,49 out of 1
Rank:
83 out of 139
Overall Score:
127 out of 150
Rank:
6 out of 136
Overall Score:
6,41 out of 10
Rank:
55 out of 114
Rank:
123 out of 141
Overall Score:
35 out of 100
Rank:
110 out of 180
Rank:
23 out of 141
Overall Score:
0,50 out of 1
Rank:
80 out of 139
Overall Score:
58 out of 100
Overall Score:
76 out of 150
Rank:
85 out of 136
Overall Score:
6,85 out of 10
Rank:
45 out of 114
International Cooperation
UN
GRECO
UN
APEC
Albania
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2006.
  • The review under the first cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The country report is available here.
  • GRECO’s member since 2001.
  • The Council of Europe’s Criminal Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2001.
  • The Council of Europe’s Civil Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2000.
  • The fourth evaluation round is completed. The evaluation report is available here.
  • The Agreement for the Establishment of the International Anti-Corruption Academy as an International Organization was ratified in 2011.
Thailand
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2011.
  • The review under the second cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The summary is available here.
  • APEC’s member since 1989.
  • The Agreement for the Establishment of the International Anti-Corruption Academy as an International Organization was ratified in 2011.
Main Legislation
Albania
  1. Criminal Code: Articles 164-164/b, 244-245/1, 248, 257-260, 287, 287/b, 312, 319-319/e and 328-328/b
    (Kodi Penal: Nenet 164-164/b, 244-245/1, 248, 257-260, 287, 287/b, 312, 319-319/e, 328-328/b), (Albanian - amended 2021), (English - amended 2017);
  2. Law No. 9049 of April 10, 2003 «On the Declaration of and Control over the Assets and Financial Obligations of Elected Persons and Other Public Officials»
    (Ligj Nr.9049, datë 10.4.2003 Për deklarimin dhe kontrollin e pasurive, të detyrimeve financiare të të zgjedhurve dhe të disa nëpunësve publikë), (Albanian), (English);
  3. Law No. 9131 of September 8, 2003 «On the Rules of Ethics in Public Administration»
    (Ligj Nr.9131, datë 8.9.2003 Per rregullat e etikes ne administraten publike), (Albanian);
  4. Law No. 9367 of April 7, 2005 «On the Prevention of Conflicts of Interest in the Exercise of Public Functions»
    (Ligj Nr. 9367, datë 7.04.2005, Për parandalimin e konfliktit të interesave në ushtrimin e funksioneve publike),(Albanian), (English);
  5. Law No. 152/2013 of October 1, 2013 «On Civil Service»
    (Ligj Nr.152/2013, datë 1.10.2013 Për nëpunësin civil), (Albanian)
Thailand
  1. Penal Code: Articles 143, 144, 148-150, 152, 167, 201, 202
    (ประมวลกฎหมายอาญา: บทความ 143, 144, 148-150, 152, 167, 201, 202), (Thai/English);

  2. Organic Act on Countering Corruption
    (พระราชบัญญัติประกอบรัฐธรรมนูญว่าด้วยการป้องกันและปราบปรามการทุจริต), (Thai);

  3. Act on Ethical Standards
    (พระราชบัญญัติมาตรฐานทางจริยธรรม), (Thai);

  4. Decree of the National Anti-Corruption Commission «On Prohibitions Related to the Civil Service in the Context of Business Activities»
    (กำหนดตำแหน่งจนท.ของรัฐที่ต้องห้ามมิให้ดำเนินกิจการ ตามความในมาตรา 100 แห่งพรบ.ปปช), (Thai);

  5. Decree of the National Anti-Corruption Commission «On the Rules for the Acquisition of Assets and Other Benefits by Civil Servants in Accordance with the Public Service Code of Ethics»
    (หลักเกณฑ์การรับทรัพย์สินหรือประโยชน์อื่นใดโดยธรรมจรรยาของเจ้าพนักงานของรัฐ), (Thai);

  6. Public Service Code of Ethics
    (ประมวลจริยธรรมขาราชการพลเรือน), (Thai.).

Anti-Corruption Bodies
Albania
  1. Special Prosecutor's Office of Albania
    (Prokuroria e Posaçme), (Albanian);
  2. National Bureau of Investigation
    (Byroja Kombëtare e Hetimit), (Albanian);
  3. Specialized Courts Against Corruption and Organized Crime
    (Gjykata e Posaçme për Korrupsionin dhe Krimin e Organizuar), (Albanian);
  4. General Prosecutor’s Office of the Republic of Albania
    (Prokuroria e Përgjithshme), (Albanian);
  5. High Inspectorate of Declaration and Audit of Assets and Conflicts of Interest
    (Inspektoriati i Lartë i Deklarimit dhe Kontrollit të Pasurive dhe Konfliktit të Interesave), (Albanian), (English);
  6. Anti-Corruption Agency
    (Agjencia Kundër Korrupsionit), (Albanian), (English);
  7. Agency for the Administration of Seized and Confiscated Assets
    (Agjencia e Administrimit të Pasurive të Sekuestruara dhe të Konfiskuara), (Albanian/English).
 
Thailand
  1. National Anti-Corruption Commission
    (คณะ กรรมการ ป้องกัน และ ปราบปราม การ ทุจริต แห่ง ชาติ), (Thai), (English);

  2. Office of Public Sector Anti-Corruption Commission
    (สำนักงานคณะกรรมการป้องกันและปราบปรามการทุจริตในภาครัฐ), (Thai), (English).

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