HSE University Anti-Corruption Portal
Comparison of countries
Albania
Portugal
Indices
Overall Score:
36 out of 100
Rank:
104 out of 180
Overall Score:
55 out of 100
Overall Score:
0,50 out of 1
Rank:
78 out of 128
Overall Score:
127 out of 150
Rank:
6 out of 128
Overall Score:
6,48 out of 10
Rank:
61 out of 117
Overall Score:
61 out of 100
Rank:
33 out of 180
Rank:
76 out of 133
Overall Score:
0,70 out of 1
Rank:
23 out of 128
Overall Score:
66 out of 100
Overall Score:
73 out of 150
Rank:
89 out of 128
Overall Score:
8,3 out of 10
Rank:
21 out of 117
International Cooperation
UN
GRECO
IACA
UN
GRECO
OECD
FATF
Albania
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2006.
  • The review under the first cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The country report is available here.
  • GRECO’s member since 2001.
  • The Council of Europe’s Criminal Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2001.
  • The Council of Europe’s Civil Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2000.
  • The fourth evaluation round is completed. The evaluation report is available here.
  • The Agreement for the Establishment of the International Anti-Corruption Academy as an International Organization was ratified in 2011.
Portugal
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2007.
  • The review under the second cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The executive summary is available here.
  • GRECO’s member since 2002.
  • The Council of Europe’s Criminal Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2002.
  • The Council of Europe’s Civil Law Convention on Corruption is not ratified.
  • The forth evaluation round is completed. The evaluation report is available here.
  • The OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions was ratified in 2000.
  • The country is undergoing Phase 3 evaluation of the implementation of the Convention. The report is available here.
  • Member of the FATF since 1991.
  • Evaluation Report on compliance with the FATF recommendations is available here.
Main Legislation
Albania
  1. Criminal Code, articles 164-164/b, 244, 244/a, 245, 245/1, 248, 257, 257/а, 258, 287, 287/b, 259, 259/a, 312, 319-319/e and 328
    (Kodi penal, Nenet 164-164/b, 244, 244/a, 245, 245/1, 248, 257, 257/а, 258, 287, 287/b, 259, 259/a, 312, 319-319/e, 328), (Albanian), (English);
  2. Law No. 9049 of April 10, 2003 “On the Declaration of and Control over the Assets and Financial Obligations of Elected Persons and Other Public Officials”
    (Ligj Nr.9049, datë 10.4.2003 Për deklarimin dhe kontrollin e pasurive, të detyrimeve financiare të të zgjedhurve dhe të disa nëpunësve publikë), (Albanian);
  3. Law No. 9131 of September 8, 2003 “On the Rules of Ethics in Public Administration”
    (Ligj Nr.9131, datë 8.9.2003 Per rregullat e etikes ne administraten publike), (Albanian);
  4. Law No. 9367 of April 7, 2005 “On the Prevention of Conflicts of Interest in the Exercise of Public Functions”
    (Ligj Nr. 9367, datë 7.04.2005, Për parandalimin e konfliktit të interesave në ushtrimin e funksioneve publike),(Albanian), (English);
  5. Law No. 152/2013 of October 1, 2013 “On Civil Service”
    (Ligj Nr.152/2013, datë 1.10.2013 Për nëpunësin civil), (Albanian)
Portugal
  1. Criminal Code, articles 335, 363, 367, 368, 372-377, 379 and 382
    (Codigo Penal 2003: art. 335, 363, 368, 372-377, 379, 382), (Portuguese);

  2. Law of April 2, 1983 «On Public Control Over the Assets of Persons Occupying Most Senior Government Positions»
    (Lei n.º 4/83, de 2 de Abril Controle Público da Riqueza dos Titulares de Cargos Políticos), (Portuguese);

  3. Law of July 16, 1987 «Misconduct of Persons Occupying Most Senior Government Positions»
    (Lei n.º 34/87, de 16 de Julho Crimes da Responsabilidade de Titulares de Cargos Políticos), (Portuguese);

  4. Law of September 4, 2008 «Council for the Prevention of Corruption»
    (Lei n.º 54/2008 de 4 de Setembro Conselho de Prevenção da Corrupção), (Portuguese);

  5. Law of April 21, 2008 No. 19 «On Measures against Corruption»
    (Lei n.º 19/2008, de 21 de Abril Aprova Medidas de Combate à Corrupção), (Portuguese);

  6. Law of April 21, 2008 No. 20 «On Criminal Liability for Corruption Crimes in International Trade and in the Private Sector»
    (Lei n.º 20/2008, de 21 de Abril Responsabilidade Penal por Crimes de Corrupção no Comércio Internacional e na Actividade Privada), (Portuguese);

  7. Law No. 52 of July 31, 2019 «On the Adoption of the Rules Regulating the Exercise of Functions by the Individuals Holding Political Positions and High Public Positions»
    (Lei n.º 52/2019, de 31 de Julho Aprova o regime do exercício de funções por titulares de cargos políticos e altos cargos públicos), (Portuguese).

Anti-Corruption Bodies
Albania
  1. Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Albania
    (Ministria e Drejtësisë), (Albanian);
  2. General Prosecutor’s Office of the Republic of Albania
    (Prokuroria e Përgjithshme), (Albanian).
 
Portugal
  1. Council for the Prevention of Corruption
    (Conselho de Prevenção da Corrupção), (Portuguese);

  2. Anti-Corruption Unit, Judicial Police of Portugal
    (Unidade Nacional de Combate à Corrupção), (Portuguese).

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