HSE University Anti-Corruption Portal
Comparison of countries
Belgium
Peru
Indices
Overall Score:
76 out of 100
Rank:
15 out of 180
Rank:
50 out of 133
Overall Score:
0,79 out of 1
Rank:
14 out of 128
Overall Score:
59 out of 150
Rank:
115 out of 129
Overall Score:
8,78 out of 10
Rank:
13 out of 114
Overall Score:
38 out of 100
Rank:
94 out of 180
Rank:
101 out of 133
Overall Score:
0,50 out of 1
Rank:
80 out of 128
Overall Score:
76 out of 100
Overall Score:
93 out of 150
Rank:
53 out of 129
Overall Score:
6,61 out of 10
Rank:
54 out of 114
International Cooperation
UN
GRECO
OECD
FATF
UN
OECD
APEC
OAS
Belgium
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2008.
  • The review under the second cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The country report is available here.
  • GRECO’s member since 1999.
  • The Council of Europe’s Criminal Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2004.
  • The Council of Europe’s Civil Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2007.
  • The fifth evaluation round is completed. The evaluation report is available here.
  • The OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions was ratified in 1999.
  • The country is undergoing Phase 3 evaluation of the implementation of the Convention. The report is available here.
  • Member of the FATF since 1990.
  • Evaluation Report on compliance with the FATF recommendations is available here.
Peru
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2004.
  • The review under the second cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The country report in Spanish and executive summary are available here.
  • The OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions was ratified in 2018.
  • The country is undergoing Phase 1 evaluation of the implementation of the Convention. The report is available here.
  • APEC’s member since 1998.
  • The Inter-American Convention against Corruption was ratified in 1997.
Main Legislation
Belgium

1. Criminal Code, articles 246-253, 324, 504bis, 504ter
(Wetboek van Strafrecht: Art. 246-253, 324, 504bis, 504ter), (Dutch);

2. Law of September 15, 2013 «On the Disclosure of Information on Alleged Violation of the Rules of Conduct for Public Officials»
(Wet van 15 septembre 2013, beteffende de melding van een verondestelde integriteitsschending in de federale administratieve overheden door haar personeelsleden), (Dutch);

3. The Code of Ethics for Federal Public Officials
(Deontologisch Kader), (Dutch), (French);

4. Guide to the Management of Conflicts of Interest in Federal Public Administration
(Handleiding bij belangenconflicten in het Belgisch federaal administratief openbaar ambt), (Dutch), (French);

5. Circular of May 5, 2014 «On the Management of Conflicts of Interest in Public Procurement: "Revolving Door"»
(Omzendbrief 5 mei 2014 - Overheidsopdrachten - Belangenvermenging – Draaideurconstructie), (Dutch).

Peru
  1. Criminal Code, Part XVIII «Crimes against Public Administration»; Art. 393-401, 376, 382, 385
    (Decreto Legislativo Nº 635, Código Penal, Titulo XVIII Delitos contra la administracion publica, Art. 393-401, 376, 382, 385), (Spanish);

  2. Law of 2001 No. 27482 «On the Publication of Income and Asset Declarations of Civil Servants»
    (Ley 27482 que regula la publicación de la declaración jurada de ingresos y de bienes y rentas de los funcionarios y servidores públicos del estado), (Spanish);

  3. Law of August 12, 2002 No. 27815 «On the Code of Ethics for Civil Service»
    (Ley 27815 del Código de Ética de la Función Pública), (Spanish);

  4. Law of June 22, 2010 No. 29542 «On Protection of Whistleblowers at the Administrative Level and Effective Cooperation on Criminal Matters»
    (Ley 29542 de protección al denunciante en el ámbito administrativo y de colaboración eficaz en el ámbito penal), (Spanish);

  5. Law of November 9, 2011 No. 27588 «On Impediments and Restrictions for Civil Servants and Individuals Providing Services to the State on Contractual Basis»
    (Ley Nº 27588 que establece prohibiciones e incompatibilidades de funcionarios y servidores públicos, así como de las personas que presten servicios al Estado bajo cualquier modalidad contractual), (Spanish);

  6. Law of July 4, 2013 No. 30057 «On Civil Service»
    (Ley 30057 del Servicio Civil), (Spanish).

  7. Law of January 9, 2019 No. 30424 «On Administrative Liability of Legal Persons for Transnational Bribery»
    (Ley 30424 que regula la responsabilidad administrativa de las personas jurídicas por el delito de cohecho activo transnacional), (Spanish).

Anti-Corruption Bodies
Belgium
  1. Central Bureau for Countering Corruption, Federal Police of Belgium
    (Office Central pour la Répression de la Corruption), (Dutch), (French), (German).
Peru
  1. High-Level Anti-Corruption Commission of Peru
    (Comisión De Alto Nivel Anticorrupción), (Spanish)

 

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