HSE University Anti-Corruption Portal
Comparison of countries
Portugal
Indonesia
Indices
Overall Score:
61 out of 100
Rank:
33 out of 180
Rank:
76 out of 133
Overall Score:
0,70 out of 1
Rank:
23 out of 128
Overall Score:
66 out of 100
Overall Score:
73 out of 150
Rank:
89 out of 129
Overall Score:
8,3 out of 10
Rank:
21 out of 117
Overall Score:
37 out of 100
Rank:
102 out of 180
Rank:
79 out of 133
Overall Score:
0,53 out of 1
Rank:
59 out of 128
Overall Score:
70 out of 100
Overall Score:
101 out of 150
Rank:
39 out of 129
Overall Score:
6,29 out of 10
Rank:
68 out of 117
International Cooperation
UN
GRECO
OECD
FATF
UN
G20
APEC
IACA
Portugal
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2007.
  • The review under the second cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The executive summary is available here.
  • GRECO’s member since 2002.
  • The Council of Europe’s Criminal Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2002.
  • The Council of Europe’s Civil Law Convention on Corruption is not ratified.
  • The fourth evaluation round is completed. The evaluation report is available here.
  • The OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions was ratified in 2000.
  • The country is undergoing Phase 3 evaluation of the implementation of the Convention. The report is available here.
  • Member of the FATF since 1991.
  • Evaluation Report on compliance with the FATF recommendations is available here.
Indonesia
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2006.
  • The review under the second cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The executive summary is available here.
  • G20 Presidency is scheduled for 2023.
  • APEC’s member since 1989.
  • The Agreement for the Establishment of the International Anti-Corruption Academy as an International Organization was ratified in 2013.
Main Legislation
Portugal
  1. Criminal Code, articles 335, 363, 367, 368, 372-377, 379 and 382
    (Codigo Penal 2003: art. 335, 363, 368, 372-377, 379, 382), (Portuguese);

  2. Law of April 2, 1983 «On Public Control Over the Assets of Persons Occupying Most Senior Government Positions»
    (Lei n.º 4/83, de 2 de Abril Controle Público da Riqueza dos Titulares de Cargos Políticos), (Portuguese);

  3. Law of July 16, 1987 «Misconduct of Persons Occupying Most Senior Government Positions»
    (Lei n.º 34/87, de 16 de Julho Crimes da Responsabilidade de Titulares de Cargos Políticos), (Portuguese);

  4. Law of April 21, 2008 No. 19 «On Measures against Corruption»
    (Lei n.º 19/2008, de 21 de Abril Aprova Medidas de Combate à Corrupção), (Portuguese);

  5. Law of April 21, 2008 No. 20 «On Criminal Liability for Corruption Crimes in International Trade and in the Private Sector»
    (Lei n.º 20/2008, de 21 de Abril Responsabilidade Penal por Crimes de Corrupção no Comércio Internacional e na Actividade Privada), (Portuguese);

  6. Law of September 4, 2008 «Council for the Prevention of Corruption»
    (Lei n.º 54/2008 de 4 de Setembro Conselho de Prevenção da Corrupção), (Portuguese);

  7. Law No. 52 of July 31, 2019 «On the Adoption of the Rules Regulating the Exercise of Functions by the Individuals Holding Political Positions and High Public Positions»
    (Lei n.º 52/2019, de 31 de Julho Aprova o regime do exercício de funções por titulares de cargos políticos e altos cargos públicos), (Portuguese).

Indonesia
  1. Criminal Code, Chapter 8, Part D «Crimes against Public Authority»
    (Kitab Undang Undang Hukum Acara Pidana, Bab VIII: Bagian Keenam Acara Pemeriksaan Cepat, Pasal 209-210)(Indonesian);
  2. Law of 1980 No. 11 «On Criminal Act of Bribery»
    (Undang-undang Nomor 11 Tahun 1980 Tindak Pidana Suap Hak Keuangan/Administratif Pimpinan dan Anggota Lembaga Tertinggi/Tinggi Negara dan Bekas Anggota Lembaga Tinggi Negara serta Bekas Pimpinan Lembaga Tertinggi/Tinggi Negara dan Bekas Anggota Lembaga Tinggi Negara), (Indonesian);
  3. Law of 1999 No. 28 «On the State Organizer Who is Clean and Free from Corruption, Collusion and Nepotism»
    (Undang-undang Nomor 28 Tahun 1999 Tentang Penyelenggaraan Negara Yang Bersih Dan Bebas Dari Korupsi, Kolusi, Dan Nepotisme)(Indonesian)(English);
  4. Law of 1999 No. 31 «On the Eradication of the Criminal Act of Corruption»
    (Undang-undang Nomor 31 Tahun 1999 tentang Pemberantasan Tindak Pidana Korupsi)(Indonesian)(English);
  5. Law of 2001 No. 20 «On Amendment to Law No. 31/1999 “On Corruption Eradication”»
    (Undang-undang Nomor 20 Tahun 2001 Tentang Perubahan atas Undang-undang No.31 Tahun 1999 tentang Pemberantasan Tindak Pidana Korupsi)(Indonesian);
  6. Law of 2002 No. 30 «On the Commission for the Eradication of Criminal Acts of Corruption»
    (Undang-Undang Nomor 30 Tahun 2002 Tentang Komisi Pemberantasan Tindak Pidana Korupsi)(Indonesian);
  7. Law of 2008 No. 14 «The Public Interest Disclosure Act»
    (Undang-undang Nomor 14 Tahun 2008 Tentang Keterbukaan Informasi Publik)(Indonesian);
  8. Law of 2009 No. 46 «On the Corruption Tribunal»
    (Undang-Undang Nomor 46 Tahun 2009 Tentang Pengadilan Tindak Pidana Korupsi), (Indonesian);
  9. Law No. 30 of 2014 «On Public Administration»
    (Undang-Undang Nomor 46 Tahun 2009 Tentang Administrasi Pemerintahan), (Indonesian).

Anti-Corruption Bodies
Portugal
  1. Council for the Prevention of Corruption
    (Conselho de Prevenção da Corrupção), (Portuguese);

  2. Anti-Corruption Unit, Judicial Police of Portugal
    (Unidade Nacional de Combate à Corrupção), (Portuguese).

Indonesia
  1. Commission for the Eradication of Corruption of Indonesia
    (Komisi pemberantasan korupsi), (Indonesian);

  2. Prosecutor's Office of the Republic of Indonesia
    (Kejaksaan Republik Indonesia)(Indonesian)

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