HSE University Anti-Corruption Portal
Comparison of countries
Saudi Arabia
Malta
Indices
Overall Score:
52 out of 100
Rank:
53 out of 180
Rank:
25 out of 141
Overall Score:
23 out of 100
Overall Score:
60 out of 150
Rank:
121 out of 140
Overall Score:
5,46 out of 10
Rank:
76 out of 119
Overall Score:
51 out of 100
Rank:
55 out of 180
Rank:
38 out of 141
Overall Score:
0,68 out of 1
Rank:
30 out of 142
Overall Score:
78 out of 150
Rank:
82 out of 140
Overall Score:
7,26 out of 10
Rank:
38 out of 119
International Cooperation
UN
G20
FATF
BRICS
UN
GRECO
Saudi Arabia
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2013.
  • The review under the second cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The country report is available here.
  • Holds G20 Presidency in 2020.
  • The documents adopted under Saudi Arabia’s Presidency are available here.
  • Member of the FATF since 2019.
  • Evaluation Report on compliance with the FATF recommendations is available here.
  • BRICS Member since 2024.
  • The Agreement for the Establishment of the International Anti-Corruption Academy as an International Organization was ratified in 2013.
Malta
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2008.
  • The review under the first cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The country report is available here.
  • GRECO’s member since 2001.
  • The Council of Europe’s Criminal Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2003.
  • The Council of Europe’s Civil Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2004.
  • The fifth evaluation round is completed. The evaluation report is available here.
Main Legislation
Saudi Arabia
  1. Law on Civil Service
    (نظام الخدمة المدنية), (Arabic);

  2. Anti-Bribery Law
    (نظام مكافحة الرشوة), (Arabic);

  3. Law on a System of Protection for Whistleblowers, Witnesses, Experts and Victims
    (نظام حماية المبلغين والشهود والخبراء والضحايا), (Arabic);

  4. Code of Conduct and Public Ethics of the Civil Service, approved by Cabinet Resolution No. 555
    (مدونة قواعد السلوك الوظيفي وأخالقيات الوظيفة العامة), (Arabic);

  5. Policy on Conflict of Interest in Public Tenders and Procurement and its implementing regulations
    (سياسة تعارض المصالح في تطبيق نظام المنافسات والمشتريات الحكومية ولائحته التنفيذية), (Arabic).

Malta
  1. Criminal Code: Articles 115-121A, 121C, 121D, 124-126, (Maltese/English);

  2. Permanent Commission Against Corruption Act 1988, (Maltese/English);

  3. Public Administration Act 2019, along with Code of Ethics, (Maltese/English);

  4. Protection of the Whistleblower Act 2013, (Maltese/English);

  5. Code of Principles of Good Corporate Governance for Listed Entities, (English).

 
Anti-Corruption Bodies
Saudi Arabia
  1. Oversight and Anti-Corruption Authority
    (Nazaha) (English).

 
Malta
  1. Permanent Commission against Corruption of Malta, (Maltese/English).

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