HSE University Anti-Corruption Portal
Comparison of countries
Romania
North Macedonia
Indices
Overall Score:
45 out of 100
Rank:
66 out of 180
Rank:
62 out of 141
Overall Score:
0,63 out of 1
Rank:
41 out of 139
Overall Score:
63 out of 100
Overall Score:
83 out of 150
Rank:
73 out of 136
Overall Score:
7,64 out of 10
Rank:
29 out of 114
Score:
39 out of 100
Rank:
87 out of 180
Rank:
124 out of 141
Score:
0,53 out of 1
Rank:
64 out of 139
Score:
36 out of 100
Score:
112 out of 150
Rank:
23 out of 128
Score:
6,57 out of 10
Rank:
52 out of 114
International Cooperation
UN
GRECO
UN
GRECO
Romania
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2004.
  • The review under the first cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The executive summary is available here.
  • GRECO’s member since 1999.
  • The Council of Europe’s Criminal Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2002.
  • The Council of Europe’s Civil Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2002.
  • The fourth evaluation round is completed. The evaluation report is available here.
  • The Agreement for the Establishment of the International Anti-Corruption Academy as an International Organization was ratified in 2011.
North Macedonia
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2007.
  • The review under the second cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The country report is available here.
  • GRECO’s member since 2000.
  • The Council of Europe’s Criminal Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 1999.
  • The Council of Europe’s Civil Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2002.
  • The fifth evaluation round is completed. The evaluation report is available here.
  • The Agreement for the Establishment of the International Anti-Corruption Academy as an International Organization was ratified in 2011.
Main Legislation
Romania
  1. Criminal Code: Articles 289-294, 299, 301, 307, 308
    (Privind Codul Penal: Art. 289-294, 299, 301, 307, 308), (Romanian);

  2. Law of October 16, 1996 No. 115 «On Declaration of and Control Over the Assets of Officials, Magistrates and Other Persons Occupying Senior Positions»
    (Lege nr.115 din 16 octombrie 1996 privind declararea şi controlul averii demnitarilor, magistraţilor, funcţionarilor publici şi a unor persoane cu funcţii de conducere), (Romanian/English);

  3. Law No. 188 of December 9, 1999 «On the Status of Civil Servants»
    (Lege nr.188 din 8 decembrie 1999 privind Statutul funcţionarilor publici), (Romanian);

  4. Law of May 8, 2000 No. 78 «On Prevention, Detection of and Sanctioning for Corruption»
    (Lege nr.78 din 8 mai 2000 pentru prevenirea, descoperirea şi sancţionarea faptelor de corupţie), (Romanian/English);

  5. Law No. 161 of April 19, 2003 «On Certain Measures for Ensuring Transparency in the Exercise of Public Functions in Business Environment and on the Prevention of and Fight against Corruption»
    (Lege nr.161 din 19 aprilie 2003 privind unele măsuri pentru asigurarea transparenţei în exercitarea demnităţilor publice, a funcţiilor publice şi în mediul de afaceri, prevenirea şi sancţionarea corupţiei), (Romanian);

  6. Law No. 176 of September 1, 2010 «On Integrity in the Exercise of Public Functions, Amendments and Supplements to Law No. 144 of May 21, 2007 Regarding the Establishment and Functioning of the National Integrity Agency, and Amendments and Supplements to other Legal Acts»
    (Lege nr.176 din 1 septembrie 2010 privind integritatea în exercitarea funcţiilor şi demnităţilor publice, pentru modificarea şi completarea Legii nr. 144/2007 privind înfiinţarea, organizarea şi funcţionarea Agenţiei Naţionale de Integritate, precum şi pentru modificarea şi completarea altor acte normative), (Romanian).

North Macedonia
  1. Criminal Code: Articles 252-253-а, 353, 356-359a
    (Кривичен законик: Чл. 252-253-а, 353, 356-359a), (Macedonian);
  2. Law No. 27 of February 5, 2014 «On Civil Servants»
    (Закон од 5 февруари 2014 година број 27 «За административни службеници»), (Macedonian);
  3. Law No. 12 of January 19, 2019 «On Prevention of Corruption and Conflict of Interest»
    (Закон од 19 јануари 2019 година број 12 «За спречување на корупцијата и судирот на интереси»), (Macedonian), (English);
  4. Code of Ethics for Civil Servants
    (Етички кодекс за државните службеници), (Macedonian).
Anti-Corruption Bodies
Romania
  1. National Anti-Corruption Directorate
    (National Anticorruption Directorate), (Romanian/English);

  2. National Agency for Integrity
    (Agentia Nationala de Integritate), (Romanian);

  3. Anti-Corruption General Directorate
    (Direcția Generală Anticorupție), (Romanian/English);

  4. National Agency for the Management of Seized Assets of the Ministry of Justice
    (Agenția Națională de Administrare a Bunurilor Indisponibilizate a Ministerul Justiției), (Romanian/English).

North Macedonia
  1. State Commission for Prevention of Corruption
    (Државна комисија за спречување на корупција), (Macedonian);
  2. Public Prosecutor's Office of the Republic of North Macedonia
    (Jавно обвинителство на Република Северна Македонија), (Macedonian), (English);
  3. Economic Crime and Corruption Department of the Ministry of Interior
    (Одделение за борба против економски криминал и корупција при Министерстве за внатрешни работи), (Macedonian);
  4. Department for Organized Crime and Corruption of Criminal Court Skopje
    (Оддел за борба против организиран криминал и корупција при Основен кривичен суд Скопје), (Macedonian).
 

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