HSE University Anti-Corruption Portal
Comparison of countries
Paraguay
Albania
Indices
Overall Score:
28 out of 100
Rank:
136 out of 180
Overall Score:
4,61 out of 10
Rank:
117 out of 141
Overall Score:
47 out of 100
Overall Score:
0,46 out of 1
Rank:
99 out of 142
Overall Score:
60 out of 150
Rank:
120 out of 140
Overall Score:
5,56 out of 10
Rank:
70 out of 119
Overall Score:
37 out of 100
Rank:
98 out of 180
Overall Score:
52 out of 100
Overall Score:
0,48 out of 1
Rank:
91 out of 142
Overall Score:
127 out of 150
Rank:
6 out of 140
Overall Score:
7,00 out of 10
Rank:
45 out of 119
Rank:
123 out of 141
International Cooperation
UN
OAS
UN
GRECO
Paraguay
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2005.
  • The review under the first cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The executive summary is available here.
  • The Inter-American Convention against Corruption was ratified in 1996.
  • The Agreement for the Establishment of the International Anti-Corruption Academy as an International Organization was ratified in 2018.
Albania
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2006.
  • The review under the first cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The country report is available here.
  • GRECO’s member since 2001.
  • The Council of Europe’s Criminal Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2001.
  • The Council of Europe’s Civil Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2000.
  • The fourth evaluation round is completed. The evaluation report is available here.
  • The Agreement for the Establishment of the International Anti-Corruption Academy as an International Organization was ratified in 2011.
Main Legislation
Paraguay

1. Constitution: Article 104
(Constitución Nacional De La República Del Paraguay: Artículo 104), (Spanish);

2. Criminal Code: Articles 196, 300-304
(Codigo Penal: Artículos 196, 300-304), (Spanish);

3. Law on Civil Service: Articles 57, 60, 64, 68, 69
(Ley No. 1626 De La Funcion Publica: Artículos 57, 60, 64, 68, 69), (Spanish);

4. Law on the Prevention, Criminalisation and Punishment of Unlawful Enrichment in Public Office and Trading in Influence
(Ley № 2523 Previene, Tipifica Y Sanciona El Enriquecimiento Ilicito En La Funcion Publica Y El Trafico De Influencias), (Spanish);

5. Law on Punishable Acts against Public Assets
(Ley 2880 Reprime Hechos Punibles Contra El Patrimonio Del Estado), (Spanish);

6. Law on the Implementation of Article 104 of the Constitution, on the declaration of assets of civil servants
(Ley 5033 Reglamenta El Artículo 104 De La Constitucion Nacional, De La Declaracion Jurada De Bienes Y Rentas, Activos Y Pasivos De Los Funcionarios Publicos), (Spanish);

7. Law on the Prohibition of Nepotism in Public Service
(Ley № 5295 Prohíbe El Nepotismo En La Función Pública), (Spanish);

8. Law on Prevention, Criminalisation and Punishment of Transnational Bribery
(Ley 6430 Que Previene, Tipifica Y Sanciona Los Hechos Punibles De Cohecho Transnacional Y Soborno Transnacional), (Spanish);

9. Law of 26 April 2023 No. 7089 «On the Framework for the Prevention, Management of and Liability for Conflicts of Interest in the Public Service»
(Ley Nº 7089 Establece el Régimen de Prevención, Corrección y Sanción de Conflictos de Intereses en la Función Pública), (Spanish);

10. Law of 5 January 2024 No. 7236 «On the Amending Law of 26 April 2023 No. 7089 "On the Framework for the Prevention, Management of and Liability for Conflicts of Interest in the Public Service" and Repealing Articles 24, 25, 26 and 38»
(Ley Nº 7236 Que Modifica Varios Artículos De La Ley N° 7089/2023 “Que Establece El Régimen De Prevención, Corrección Y Sanción De Conflictos De Intereses En La Función Pública” Y Deroga Los Artículos 24, 25, 26 Y 38), (Spanish);

11. Presidential Decree on the Establishment of the Interagency Network to Promote Transparency and Combat Corruption under the Presidential Administration
(Decreto N° 4937/2016, Por la que se crea la Red Interinstitucional de Transparencia y Anticorrupción (RTA), dependiente de la Presidencia de la República), (Spanish).

Albania
  1. Criminal Code: Articles 164-164/b, 244-245/1, 248, 257-260, 287, 287/b, 319-319/e and 328/a
    (Kodi Penal: Nenet 164-164/b, 244-245/1, 248, 257-260, 287, 287/b, 319-319/e, 328/a), (Albanian - amended 2021), (English - amended 2017);
  2. Law No. 9049 of April 10, 2003 «On the Declaration of and Control over the Assets and Financial Obligations of Elected Persons and Other Public Officials»
    (Ligj Nr.9049, datë 10.4.2003 Për deklarimin dhe kontrollin e pasurive, të detyrimeve financiare të të zgjedhurve dhe të disa nëpunësve publikë), (Albanian);
  3. Law No. 9131 of September 8, 2003 «On the Rules of Ethics in Public Administration»
    (Ligj Nr.9131, datë 8.9.2003 Per rregullat e etikes ne administraten publike), (Albanian);
  4. Law No. 9367 of April 7, 2005 «On the Prevention of Conflicts of Interest in the Exercise of Public Functions»
    (Ligj Nr. 9367, datë 7.04.2005, Për parandalimin e konfliktit të interesave në ushtrimin e funksioneve publike),(Albanian), (English);
  5. Law No. 152/2013 of October 1, 2013 «On Civil Service»
    (Ligj Nr.152/2013, datë 1.10.2013 Për nëpunësin civil), (Albanian);
  6. Law No. 60/2016 of June 2, 2016 «On Whistleblowing and Whistleblower Protection»
    (Ligj Nr. 60/2016 Për Sinjalizimin Dhe Mbrojtjen E Sinjalizuesve), (Albanian);
  7. Decision of the Council of Ministers No. 874 of September 29, 2021 «On Approval of the Rules for the Application of the Principles of Ethics, the Classification of External Activities and the Value of Gifts that May Be Accepted by Public Officials»
    (Vendim Nr. 874 Për miratimin e rregullave për zbatimin e parimeve të etikës, të klasifikimit të veprimtarive të jashtme dhe vlerën e dhuratave, që mund të pranohen gjatë veprimtarisë së nëpunësit të administratës publike), (Albanian).
Anti-Corruption Bodies
Paraguay

1. National Anti-Corruption Secretariat
(Secretaria Nacional Anticorrupción), (Spanish);

2. Interagency Network to Promote Transparency and Combat Corruption
(Red Interinstitucional de Transparencia y Anticorrupción);

3. Specialised Unit of the Public Prosecutor's Office for Combating Economic Crime and Corruption
(Unidad Especializada de Delitos Económicos y Anticorrupción), (Spanish).

Albania
  1. Special Prosecutor's Office of Albania
    (Prokuroria e Posaçme), (Albanian);
  2. National Bureau of Investigation
    (Byroja Kombëtare e Hetimit), (Albanian);
  3. Specialized Courts Against Corruption and Organized Crime
    (Gjykata e Posaçme për Korrupsionin dhe Krimin e Organizuar), (Albanian);
  4. General Prosecutor’s Office of the Republic of Albania
    (Prokuroria e Përgjithshme), (Albanian);
  5. High Inspectorate of Declaration and Audit of Assets and Conflicts of Interest
    (Inspektoriati i Lartë i Deklarimit dhe Kontrollit të Pasurive dhe Konfliktit të Interesave), (Albanian);
  6. Anti-Corruption Agency
    (Agjencia Kundër Korrupsionit), (Albanian);
  7. Agency for the Administration of Seized and Confiscated Assets
    (Agjencia e Administrimit të Pasurive të Sekuestruara dhe të Konfiskuara), (Albanian/English).
 

We use cookies in order to improve the quality and usability of the HSE website. More information about the use of cookies is available here, and the regulations on processing personal data can be found here. By continuing to use the site, you hereby confirm that you have been informed of the use of cookies by the HSE website and agree with our rules for processing personal data. You may disable cookies in your browser settings.