HSE University Anti-Corruption Portal
Comparison of countries
Panama
Venezuela
Indices
Overall Score:
36 out of 100
Rank:
101 out of 180
Overall Score:
5,39 out of 10
Rank:
18 out of 141
Overall Score:
0,51 out of 1
Rank:
74 out of 142
Overall Score:
100 out of 150
Rank:
41 out of 140
Overall Score:
13 out of 100
Rank:
177 out of 180
Overall Score:
1,46 out of 10
Rank:
69 out of 141
Overall Score:
0 out of 100
Overall Score:
0,26 out of 1
Rank:
142 out of 142
Overall Score:
62 out of 150
Rank:
117 out of 140
Overall Score:
2,51 out of 10
Rank:
117 out of 119
International Cooperation
UN
OAS
UN
OAS
Panama
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2005.
  • The review under the second cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The executive summary is available here.
  • The Inter-American Convention against Corruption was ratified in 1998.
  • The Agreement for the Establishment of the International Anti-Corruption Academy as an International Organization was ratified in 2012.
Venezuela
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2009.
  • The review under the second cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The executive summary is available here.
  • The Inter-American Convention against Corruption was ratified in 1997.
Main Legislation
Panama

1. Criminal Code: Articles 254, 345-354, 364, 365
(Código Penal: Artículos 254, 345-354, 364, 365), (Spanish);

2. Law on the Careers of Civil Servants
(Por la cual se establece y regula la Carrera Administrativa), (Spanish);

3. Law on the Implementation of Article 299 of the Constitution and the Fight against Corruption in Public Authorities
(Que Reglamenta el Artículo 299 de la Constitución Política y Dicta otras Disposiciones contra la Corrupción Administrativa), (Spanish);

4. Law on Regulating Situations of Conflict of Interest in the Public Service
(Que Regula Situaciones de Conflicto de Intereses en la Función Pública), (Spanish);

5. Presidential Decree on a Unified Form for Declaration of Interests and Other Provisions
(Que adopta el Formulario Único de Declaración Jurada de intereses particulares y dicta otras disposiciones), (Spanish);

6. Uniform Code of Ethics for Public Officials
(Código Uniforme De Ética De Los Servidores Públicos), (Spanish);

7. Guidelines on Asset Declarations for Civil Servants
(Guía Básica sobre Declaración Jurada de Estado Patrimonial de Funcionarios Públicos), (Spanish).

Venezuela

1. Criminal Code: Articles 195-204, 207, 340 (unofficial source)
(Codigo Penal: Artículos: 195-204, 207, 340), (Spanish);

2. Organic Law on Fair Prices: Article 63 (unofficial source)
(Ley Orgánica de Precios Justos: Artículo 63), (Spanish);

3. Law on Combating Corruption
(Ley contra la Corrupción), (Spanish);

4. Amendments Law to the Law on Combating Corruption
(Decreto Con Rango, Valor Y Fuerza De Ley De Reforma De La Ley Contra La Corrupción), (Spanish);

5. Amendments Law to the Amendments Law to the Law on Combating Corruption
(Ley de Reforma del Decreto con Rango, Valor y Fuerza de Ley Contra la Corrupción), (Spanish).

Anti-Corruption Bodies
Panama

1. Public Prosecutor's Office of Panama
(Ministerio Público de Panamá), (Spanish);

2. National Authority for Transparency and Access to Information
(Autoridad Nacional de Transparencia y Acceso a la Información), (Spanish).

Venezuela

1. National Anti-Corruption Corps
(Cuerpo Nacional Contra la Corrupción);

2. Office of the Comptroller General of the Republic
(Contraloría General de la República Bolivariana de Venezuela), (Spanish);

3. Public Prosecutor's Office
(Ministerio Publico), (Spanish).

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