HSE University Anti-Corruption Portal
Comparison of countries
Panama
Saudi Arabia
Indices
Overall Score:
35 out of 100
Rank:
108 out of 180
Overall Score:
5,39 out of 10
Rank:
18 out of 141
Overall Score:
0,51 out of 1
Rank:
74 out of 142
Overall Score:
93 out of 150
Rank:
54 out of 140
Overall Score:
52 out of 100
Rank:
53 out of 180
Rank:
25 out of 141
Overall Score:
23 out of 100
Overall Score:
60 out of 150
Rank:
121 out of 140
Overall Score:
5,46 out of 10
Rank:
76 out of 119
International Cooperation
UN
OAS
UN
G20
FATF
BRICS
Panama
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2005.
  • The review under the second cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The executive summary is available here.
  • The Inter-American Convention against Corruption was ratified in 1998.
  • The Agreement for the Establishment of the International Anti-Corruption Academy as an International Organization was ratified in 2012.
Saudi Arabia
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2013.
  • The review under the second cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The country report is available here.
  • Holds G20 Presidency in 2020.
  • The documents adopted under Saudi Arabia’s Presidency are available here.
  • Member of the FATF since 2019.
  • Evaluation Report on compliance with the FATF recommendations is available here.
  • BRICS Member since 2024.
  • The Agreement for the Establishment of the International Anti-Corruption Academy as an International Organization was ratified in 2013.
Main Legislation
Panama

1. Criminal Code: Articles 254, 345-354, 364, 365
(Código Penal: Artículos 254, 345-354, 364, 365), (Spanish);

2. Law on the Careers of Civil Servants
(Por la cual se establece y regula la Carrera Administrativa), (Spanish);

3. Law on the Implementation of Article 299 of the Constitution and the Fight against Corruption in Public Authorities
(Que Reglamenta el Artículo 299 de la Constitución Política y Dicta otras Disposiciones contra la Corrupción Administrativa), (Spanish);

4. Law on Regulating Situations of Conflict of Interest in the Public Service
(Que Regula Situaciones de Conflicto de Intereses en la Función Pública), (Spanish);

5. Presidential Decree on a Unified Form for Declaration of Interests and Other Provisions
(Que adopta el Formulario Único de Declaración Jurada de intereses particulares y dicta otras disposiciones), (Spanish);

6. Uniform Code of Ethics for Public Officials
(Código Uniforme De Ética De Los Servidores Públicos), (Spanish);

7. Guidelines on Asset Declarations for Civil Servants
(Guía Básica sobre Declaración Jurada de Estado Patrimonial de Funcionarios Públicos), (Spanish).

Saudi Arabia
  1. Law on Civil Service
    (نظام الخدمة المدنية), (Arabic);

  2. Anti-Bribery Law
    (نظام مكافحة الرشوة), (Arabic);

  3. Law on a System of Protection for Whistleblowers, Witnesses, Experts and Victims
    (نظام حماية المبلغين والشهود والخبراء والضحايا), (Arabic);

  4. Code of Conduct and Public Ethics of the Civil Service, approved by Cabinet Resolution No. 555
    (مدونة قواعد السلوك الوظيفي وأخالقيات الوظيفة العامة), (Arabic);

  5. Policy on Conflict of Interest in Public Tenders and Procurement and its implementing regulations
    (سياسة تعارض المصالح في تطبيق نظام المنافسات والمشتريات الحكومية ولائحته التنفيذية), (Arabic).

Anti-Corruption Bodies
Panama

1. Public Prosecutor's Office of Panama
(Ministerio Público de Panamá), (Spanish);

2. National Authority for Transparency and Access to Information
(Autoridad Nacional de Transparencia y Acceso a la Información), (Spanish).

Saudi Arabia
  1. Oversight and Anti-Corruption Authority
    (Nazaha) (English).

 

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