HSE University Anti-Corruption Portal
Comparison of countries
Kazakhstan
Paraguay
Indices
Overall Score:
39 out of 100
Rank:
93 out of 180
Rank:
78 out of 141
Overall Score:
63 out of 100
Overall Score:
0,53 out of 1
Rank:
65 out of 142
Overall Score:
60 out of 150
Rank:
118 out of 140
Overall Score:
6,14 out of 10
Rank:
61 out of 119
Overall Score:
28 out of 100
Rank:
136 out of 180
Overall Score:
4,61 out of 10
Rank:
117 out of 141
Overall Score:
48 out of 100
Overall Score:
0,46 out of 1
Rank:
99 out of 142
Overall Score:
60 out of 150
Rank:
120 out of 140
Overall Score:
5,56 out of 10
Rank:
70 out of 119
International Cooperation
UN
GRECO
UN
OAS
Kazakhstan
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was accessed in 2008.
  • The review under the first cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The executive summary is available here.
  • GRECO’s member since 2020.
  • The Council of Europe’s Criminal Law Convention on Corruption is not ratified.
  • The Council of Europe’s Civil Law Convention on Corruption is not ratified.
  • The second evaluation round is completed. The evaluation report is available here.
  • The Agreement for the Establishment of the International Anti-Corruption Academy as an International Organization was ratified in 2013.
SCO
Paraguay
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2005.
  • The review under the first cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The executive summary is available here.
  • The Inter-American Convention against Corruption was ratified in 1996.
  • The Agreement for the Establishment of the International Anti-Corruption Academy as an International Organization was ratified in 2018.
Main Legislation
Kazakhstan
  1. Criminal Code of the Republic of Kazakhstan: Articles 218, 250, 253, 361, 364, 366-368, 417
    (Уголовный кодекс: статьи 218, 250, 253, 361, 364, 366-368, 417), (Russian);

  2. Code of Administrative Offences of the Republic of Kazakhstan of July 5, 2014 No. 235-V ZRK: Chapter 34 «Administrative Corruption Offences»
    (Кодекс Республики Казахстан об административных правонарушениях от 5 июля 2014 г. № 235-V ЗРК, Глава 34 - Административные коррупционные правонарушения), (Russian);

  3. Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan of November 18, 2015 No. 410-V ZRK «On Countering Corruption»
    (Закон Республики Казахстан от 18 ноября 2015 г. №410-V ЗРК «О противодействии коррупции»), (Russian);

  4. Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan of November 23, 2015 No. 416-V ZRK «On Civil Service of the Republic of Kazakhstan»
    (Закон Республики Казахстан от 23 ноября 2015 г. № 416-V ЗРК «О государственной службе Республики Казахстан»), (Russian);

  5. Decree of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan of December 29, 2015 No. 153 «On the Measures for Further Improvement of Ethical Norms and Rules of Conduct of Civil Servants of the Republic of Kazakhstan» (with the Code of Ethics of Civil Servants of the Republic of Kazakhstan)
    (Указ Президента Республики Казахстан от 29 декабря 2015 г. № 153 «О мерах по дальнейшему совершенствованию этических норм и правил поведения государственных служащих Республики Казахстан»), (Russian).

Paraguay

1. Constitution: Article 104
(Constitución Nacional De La República Del Paraguay: Artículo 104), (Spanish);

2. Criminal Code: Articles 196, 300-304
(Codigo Penal: Artículos 196, 300-304), (Spanish);

3. Law on Civil Service: Articles 57, 60, 64, 68, 69
(Ley No. 1626 De La Funcion Publica: Artículos 57, 60, 64, 68, 69), (Spanish);

4. Law on the Prevention, Criminalisation and Punishment of Unlawful Enrichment in Public Office and Trading in Influence
(Ley № 2523 Previene, Tipifica Y Sanciona El Enriquecimiento Ilicito En La Funcion Publica Y El Trafico De Influencias), (Spanish);

5. Law on Punishable Acts against Public Assets
(Ley 2880 Reprime Hechos Punibles Contra El Patrimonio Del Estado), (Spanish);

6. Law on the Implementation of Article 104 of the Constitution, on the declaration of assets of civil servants
(Ley 5033 Reglamenta El Artículo 104 De La Constitucion Nacional, De La Declaracion Jurada De Bienes Y Rentas, Activos Y Pasivos De Los Funcionarios Publicos), (Spanish);

7. Law on the Prohibition of Nepotism in Public Service
(Ley № 5295 Prohíbe El Nepotismo En La Función Pública), (Spanish);

8. Law on Prevention, Criminalisation and Punishment of Transnational Bribery
(Ley 6430 Que Previene, Tipifica Y Sanciona Los Hechos Punibles De Cohecho Transnacional Y Soborno Transnacional), (Spanish);

9. Law of 26 April 2023 No. 7089 «On the Framework for the Prevention, Management of and Liability for Conflicts of Interest in the Public Service»
(Ley Nº 7089 Establece el Régimen de Prevención, Corrección y Sanción de Conflictos de Intereses en la Función Pública), (Spanish);

10. Law of 5 January 2024 No. 7236 «On the Amending Law of 26 April 2023 No. 7089 "On the Framework for the Prevention, Management of and Liability for Conflicts of Interest in the Public Service" and Repealing Articles 24, 25, 26 and 38»
(Ley Nº 7236 Que Modifica Varios Artículos De La Ley N° 7089/2023 “Que Establece El Régimen De Prevención, Corrección Y Sanción De Conflictos De Intereses En La Función Pública” Y Deroga Los Artículos 24, 25, 26 Y 38), (Spanish);

11. Presidential Decree on the Establishment of the Interagency Network to Promote Transparency and Combat Corruption under the Presidential Administration
(Decreto N° 4937/2016, Por la que se crea la Red Interinstitucional de Transparencia y Anticorrupción (RTA), dependiente de la Presidencia de la República), (Spanish).

Anti-Corruption Bodies
Kazakhstan
  1. National Anti-Corruption Agency
    (Сыбайлас жемқорлыққа қарсы іс-қимыл ұлттық агенттігі), (Kazakh/Russian/English).

Paraguay

1. National Anti-Corruption Secretariat
(Secretaria Nacional Anticorrupción), (Spanish);

2. Interagency Network to Promote Transparency and Combat Corruption
(Red Interinstitucional de Transparencia y Anticorrupción);

3. Specialised Unit of the Public Prosecutor's Office for Combating Economic Crime and Corruption
(Unidad Especializada de Delitos Económicos y Anticorrupción), (Spanish).

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