HSE University Anti-Corruption Portal
Comparison of countries
India
Panama
Indices
Overall Score:
40 out of 100
Rank:
85 out of 180
Rank:
36 out of 141
Overall Score:
37 out of 100
Overall Score:
0,50 out of 1
Rank:
77 out of 140
Overall Score:
127 out of 150
Rank:
8 out of 135
Overall Score:
5,94 out of 10
Rank:
68 out of 114
Overall Score:
36 out of 100
Rank:
101 out of 180
Overall Score:
4,96 out of 10
Rank:
18 out of 141
Overall Score:
0,52 out of 1
Rank:
72 out of 140
Overall Score:
100 out of 150
Rank:
41 out of 136
International Cooperation
UN
G20
FATF
BRICS
UN
OAS
India
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2011.
  • The review under the first cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. Executive summary is available here.
 
  • G20 Presidency in 2023.
  • Member of the FATF since 2010.
  • Evaluation Report on compliance with the FATF recommendations is available here.
  • BRICS Member since 2009.
  • Holds BRICS Presidency in 2021.
SCO
Panama
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2005.
  • The review under the second cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The executive summary is available here.
  • The Inter-American Convention against Corruption was ratified in 1998.
  • The Agreement for the Establishment of the International Anti-Corruption Academy as an International Organization was ratified in 2012.
Main Legislation
India
  1. Penal Code: Articles 168, 169, 213-215
    (भारतीय दंड संहिता, 1860: सामग्री  168, 169, 213-215), (Hindi)(English);
  2. The Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988
    (भ्रष्टाचार निवारण अधिनियम, 1988), (Hindi)(English);
  3. The Central Vigilance Commission Act, 2003 »
    (केन्द्रीय सतर्कता आयोग अधिनियम, 2003), (Hindi), (English);
  4. The Lokpal and Lokayuktas Act, 2013
    (लोकपाल और लोकायुक्त अधिनियम, 2013)(Hindi)(English);
  5. The Whistle Blowers Protection Act, 2014
    (द व्हिसल ब्लोअर प्रोटेक्शन एक्ट, 2014)(English);
  6. The Central Civil Services (Conduct) Rules, 1964
    (केन्द्रीय सिविल सेवा (आचरण) नियम, 1964)(Hindi)(English);
  7. Code Of Conduct For Ministers (Both Union and State) by the Ministry of Home Affairs
    (मंत्रियों के लिए आचार संहिता)(Hindi)(English).
Panama

1. Criminal Code: Articles 254, 345-354, 364, 365
(Código Penal: Artículos 254, 345-354, 364, 365), (Spanish);

2. Law on the Careers of Civil Servants
(Por la cual se establece y regula la Carrera Administrativa), (Spanish);

3. Law on the Implementation of Article 299 of the Constitution and the Fight against Corruption in Public Authorities
(Que Reglamenta el Artículo 299 de la Constitución Política y Dicta otras Disposiciones contra la Corrupción Administrativa), (Spanish);

4. Law on Regulating Situations of Conflict of Interest in the Public Service
(Que Regula Situaciones de Conflicto de Intereses en la Función Pública), (Spanish);

5. Presidential Decree on a Unified Form for Declaration of Interests and Other Provisions
(Que adopta el Formulario Único de Declaración Jurada de intereses particulares y dicta otras disposiciones), (Spanish);

6. Uniform Code of Ethics for Public Officials
(Código Uniforme De Ética De Los Servidores Públicos), (Spanish);

7. Guidelines on Asset Declarations for Civil Servants
(Guía Básica sobre Declaración Jurada de Estado Patrimonial de Funcionarios Públicos), (Spanish).

Anti-Corruption Bodies
India
  1. Central Vigilance Commission of India
    (केंद्रीय सतर्कता आयोग), (Hindi), (English).

Panama

1. Public Prosecutor's Office of Panama
(Ministerio Público de Panamá), (Spanish);

2. National Authority for Transparency and Access to Information
(Autoridad Nacional de Transparencia y Acceso a la Información), (Spanish).

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