HSE University Anti-Corruption Portal
Comparison of countries
Egypt
Romania
Indices
Overall Score:
33 out of 100
Rank:
117 out of 180
Rank:
56 out of 141
Overall Score:
0,35 out of 1
Rank:
136 out of 139
Overall Score:
43 out of 100
Overall Score:
5,21 out of 10
Rank:
82 out of 114
Overall Score:
45 out of 100
Rank:
66 out of 180
Rank:
62 out of 141
Overall Score:
0,63 out of 1
Rank:
41 out of 139
Overall Score:
63 out of 100
Overall Score:
85 out of 150
Rank:
67 out of 136
Overall Score:
7,64 out of 10
Rank:
29 out of 114
International Cooperation
UN
AU
UN
GRECO
Egypt
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2005.
  • The review under the second cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The executive summary is available here.

 

  • The Agreement for the Establishment of the International Anti-Corruption Academy as an International Organization was ratified in 2013.
Romania
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2004.
  • The review under the first cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The executive summary is available here.
  • GRECO’s member since 1999.
  • The Council of Europe’s Criminal Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2002.
  • The Council of Europe’s Civil Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2002.
  • The fourth evaluation round is completed. The evaluation report is available here.
  • The Agreement for the Establishment of the International Anti-Corruption Academy as an International Organization was ratified in 2011.
Main Legislation
Egypt
  1. Constitution: Articles 109,145,166
    (166، 145 ، 109 مقالات2019 ,الدستور المصري المعدل), (Arabic);
  2. Criminal Code: Articles 103-112, 115
    (قانون العقوبات رقم 58 لسنة 1937 103-112 ، 115), (Arabic);
  3. Law No. 62 of 1975 «On Illegal Income»
    (قانون الكسب غير المشروع), (Arabic);
  4. Law No. 106 of 2013 «On the regulation of conflicts of interest in the public service»
    (قانون حظر تعارض مصالح المسئولين في الدولة), (Arabic);
  5. Law No. 81 of 2016 «On public service»
    (قانون الخدمة المدنية رقم 81 لسنة 2016), (Arabic);
  6. Presidential Decree No. 1112 of 1975 «On the Execution of Law No. 62 of 1975 on Illegal Income»
    للائحة التنفيذية لقانون الكسب غير المشروع رقم 62 لسنة 1975), (Arabic);
  7. Prime Ministerial Order No. 1216 of 2017 «On the Implementation of the Law of 2016 No. 81 on Public Service»
    (اللائحة التنفيذية لقانون الخدمة المدنية رقم 81 لسنة 2016), (Arabic).

 

Romania
  1. Criminal Code: Articles 289-294, 299, 301, 307, 308
    (Privind Codul Penal: Art. 289-294, 299, 301, 307, 308), (Romanian);

  2. Law of October 16, 1996 No. 115 «On Declaration of and Control Over the Assets of Officials, Magistrates and Other Persons Occupying Senior Positions»
    (Lege nr.115 din 16 octombrie 1996 privind declararea şi controlul averii demnitarilor, magistraţilor, funcţionarilor publici şi a unor persoane cu funcţii de conducere), (Romanian/English);

  3. Law No. 188 of December 9, 1999 «On the Status of Civil Servants»
    (Lege nr.188 din 8 decembrie 1999 privind Statutul funcţionarilor publici), (Romanian);

  4. Law of May 8, 2000 No. 78 «On Prevention, Detection of and Sanctioning for Corruption»
    (Lege nr.78 din 8 mai 2000 pentru prevenirea, descoperirea şi sancţionarea faptelor de corupţie), (Romanian/English);

  5. Law No. 161 of April 19, 2003 «On Certain Measures for Ensuring Transparency in the Exercise of Public Functions in Business Environment and on the Prevention of and Fight against Corruption»
    (Lege nr.161 din 19 aprilie 2003 privind unele măsuri pentru asigurarea transparenţei în exercitarea demnităţilor publice, a funcţiilor publice şi în mediul de afaceri, prevenirea şi sancţionarea corupţiei), (Romanian);

  6. Law No. 571 of December 14, 2004 «On the Protection of the Employees of Public Authorities, Public Institutions and Other Establishments Who Report Violations of the Law»
    (Lege ​nr.571 din 14 decembrie 2004 privind protecţia personalului din autorităţile publice, instituţiile publice şi din alte unităţi care semnalează încălcări ale legii), (Romanian);

  7. Law No. 176 of September 1, 2010 «On Integrity in the Exercise of Public Functions, Amendments and Supplements to Law No. 144 of May 21, 2007 Regarding the Establishment and Functioning of the National Integrity Agency, and Amendments and Supplements to other Legal Acts»
    (Lege nr.176 din 1 septembrie 2010 privind integritatea în exercitarea funcţiilor şi demnităţilor publice, pentru modificarea şi completarea Legii nr. 144/2007 privind înfiinţarea, organizarea şi funcţionarea Agenţiei Naţionale de Integritate, precum şi pentru modificarea şi completarea altor acte normative), (Romanian).

Anti-Corruption Bodies
Egypt
  1. Administrative Control Authority
    (هيئة الرقابة الإدارية), (Arabic/English/French);
  2. National Coordinating Committee for Preventing and Combating Corruption
    (اللجنة الوطنية التنسيقية للوقاية من الفساد ومكافحته), (Arab/English/French).
Romania
  1. National Agency for Integrity
    (Agentia Nationala de Integritate), (Romanian);

  2. National Anti-Corruption Directorate of the Prosecutors' Office
    (Direcția Națională Anticorupție), (Romanian/English);

  3. Anti-Corruption General Directorate of the Ministry of Internal Affairs
    (Direcția Generală Anticorupție), (Romanian/English);
  4. National Agency of Civil Servants of the Ministry of Regional Development and Public Administration
    (Agenţia Naţională a Funcţionarilor Publici)(рум./англ.);

  5. National Agency for the Management of Seized Assets of the Ministry of Justice
    (Agenția Națională de Administrare a Bunurilor Indisponibilizate a Ministerul Justiției), (Romanian/English).

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