HSE University Anti-Corruption Portal
Comparison of countries
Belarus
Nicaragua
Indices
Overall Score:
37 out of 100
Rank:
98 out of 180
Overall Score:
0,45 out of 1
Rank:
104 out of 142
Overall Score:
38 out of 150
Rank:
136 out of 139
Overall Score:
17 out of 100
Rank:
172 out of 180
Overall Score:
0,36 out of 1
Rank:
133 out of 140
Overall Score:
42 out of 100
Overall Score:
111 out of 150
Rank:
24 out of 139
Overall Score:
4,43 out of 10
Rank:
96 out of 119
International Cooperation
UN
GRECO
UN
OAS
Belarus
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2005.
  • The review under the first cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The executive summary is available here.
  • GRECO’s member since 2011 (representation limited as per the decision of the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe of 17 March 2022).
  • The Council of Europe’s Criminal Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2007.
  • The Council of Europe’s Civil Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2006.
  • The fourth evaluation round is completed. The status of the evaluation report is confidential. The summary is available here.
Nicaragua
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2006.
  • The review under the first cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The executive summary is available here.
  • The Inter-American Convention against Corruption was ratified in 1999.
Main Legislation
Belarus
  1. Criminal Code: Articles 235, 252, 253, 396, 424, 429-433
    (Уголовный кодекс: статьи 235, 252, 253, 396, 424, 429-433​)(Russian);
  2. Code of Administrative Offences of the Republic of Belarus: Article 24.59
    (Кодекс Республики Беларусь об административных правонарушениях: статья 24.59​)(Russian);
  3. Law of the Republic of Belarus of July 15, 2015 No. 305-3 «On Combating Corruption»
    (Закон Республики Беларусь «О борьбе с коррупцией» от 15 июля 2015 года № 305-3), (Russian);
  4. Law of the Republic of Belarus of June 1, 2022 No. 175-З «On Civil Service»
    (Закон Республики Беларусь от 1 июня 2022 г. № 175-З «О государственной службе»), (Russian);
  5. Decree of the Council of Ministers of the Republic of Belarus of September 12, 2019 No. 619 «On Award and Other Compensations to Natural Persons Facilitating the Detection of Corruption»
    (Постановление Совета Министров Республики Беларусь от 5 февраля 2016 года № 101 «О выплате вознаграждения и других выплат физическому лицу, способствующему выявлению коррупции»), (Russian)
Nicaragua

1. Constitution: Article 130
(Constitución: Artículo 130), (Spanish), (English);

2. Criminal Code: Articles 281, 282, 445-450, 452, 453, 454, 456-459
(Código Penal: Artículos 281, 282, 445-450, 452, 453, 454, 456-459), (Spanish);

3. Civil Service Probity Law
(Ley de Probidad de Los Servidores Públicos), (Spanish);

4. Law on Amendments to Law No. 735, Law on the Prevention, Investigation and Prosecution of Organised Crime and on the Administration of Seized, Confiscated and Abandoned Assets
(Ley de Reforma a la Ley N°. 735, Ley de Prevención, Investigación y Persecución del Crimen Organizado y de la Administración de los Bienes Incautados, Decomisados y Abandonados), (Spanish);

5. Code of Ethical Conduct for Civil Servants in the Executive Branch of Government
(Código de Conducta Ética de los Servidores Públicos del Poder Ejecutivo), (Spanish).

Anti-Corruption Bodies
Belarus
  1. General Prosecutor’s Office of the Republic of Belarus, (Russian/English).
Nicaragua

1. Attorney General of the Republic
(Fiscal General de la República), (Spanish).

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