HSE University Anti-Corruption Portal
Comparison of countries
Albania
Romania
Indices
Overall Score:
35 out of 100
Rank:
106 out of 180
Overall Score:
55 out of 100
Overall Score:
0,5 out of 1
Rank:
78 out of 128
Overall Score:
127 out of 150
Rank:
6 out of 128
Overall Score:
6,48 out of 10
Rank:
61 out of 117
Overall Score:
44 out of 100
Rank:
70 out of 180
Rank:
56 out of 133
Overall Score:
0,63 out of 1
Rank:
32 out of 128
Overall Score:
75 out of 100
Overall Score:
83 out of 150
Rank:
71 out of 128
Overall Score:
7,69 out of 10
Rank:
33 out of 117
International Cooperation
UN
GRECO
IACA
UN
GRECO
IACA
Albania
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2006.
  • The review under the first cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The country report is available here.
  • GRECO’s member since 2001.
  • The Council of Europe’s Criminal Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2001.
  • The Council of Europe’s Civil Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2000.
  • The fourth evaluation round is completed. The evaluation report is available here.
  • The Agreement for the Establishment of the International Anti-Corruption Academy as an International Organization was ratified in 2011.
Romania
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2004.
  • The review under the first cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The executive summary is available here.
  • GRECO’s member since 1999.
  • The Council of Europe’s Criminal Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2002.
  • The Council of Europe’s Civil Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2002.
  • The fourth evaluation round is completed. The evaluation report is available here.
  • The Agreement for the Establishment of the International Anti-Corruption Academy as an International Organization was ratified in 2011.
Main Legislation
Albania
  1. Criminal Code, articles 164-164/b, 244, 244/a, 245, 245/1, 248, 257, 257/а, 258, 287, 287/b, 259, 259/a, 312, 319-319/e and 328
    (Kodi penal, Nenet 164-164/b, 244, 244/a, 245, 245/1, 248, 257, 257/а, 258, 287, 287/b, 259, 259/a, 312, 319-319/e, 328), (Albanian), (English);
  2. Law No. 9049 of April 10, 2003 “On the Declaration of and Control over the Assets and Financial Obligations of Elected Persons and Other Public Officials”
    (Ligj Nr.9049, datë 10.4.2003 Për deklarimin dhe kontrollin e pasurive, të detyrimeve financiare të të zgjedhurve dhe të disa nëpunësve publikë), (Albanian);
  3. Law No. 9131 of September 8, 2003 “On the Rules of Ethics in Public Administration”
    (Ligj Nr.9131, datë 8.9.2003 Per rregullat e etikes ne administraten publike), (Albanian), (English);
  4. Law No. 9367 of April 7, 2005 “On the Prevention of Conflicts of Interest in the Exercise of Public Functions”
    (Ligj Nr. 9367, datë 7.04.2005, Për parandalimin e konfliktit të interesave në ushtrimin e funksioneve publike),(Albanian), (English);
  5. Law No. 152/2013 of October 1, 2013 “On Civil Service”
    (Ligj Nr.152/2013, datë 1.10.2013 Për nëpunësin civil), (Albanian);
  6. Law No. 44/2015 of 30 April 2015 “Code of Administrative Procedures of the Republic of Albania”
    (Ligj Nr. 44/2015, datë 30.4.2015 Kodi i procedurave administrative i Republikës së Shqipërisë), (Albanian);
  7. Law No. 138/2015 of December 17, 2015 “On Ensuring the Immunity of Elected or Appointed Individuals or Individuals Holding Public Positions”
    (Ligj Nr. 138/2015, datë 17.12.2015 Për garantimin e integritetit të personave që zgjidhen, emërohen ose ushtrojnë funksione publike), (Albanian);
  8. Law No. 95/2016 of October 6, 2016 “On the Organization and Functioning of Authorities for Combating Corruption and Organized Crime”
    (Ligj Nr. 95/2016 Për organizimin dhe funksionimin e institucioneve për të luftuar korrupsionin dhe krimin e organizuar), (Albanian).
Romania
  1. Criminal Code, Part V, Chapter I, articles 289-294
    (Privind Codul penal), (Romanian);

  2. Law of October 16, 1996 No. 115 “On Declaration of and Control Over the Assets of Officials, Magistrates and Other Persons Occupying Senior Positions”
    (Lege nr.115 din 16 octombrie 1996 privind declararea şi controlul averii demnitarilor, magistraţilor, funcţionarilor publici şi a unor persoane cu funcţii de conducere), (Romanian/English);

  3. Law No. 188 of December 9, 1999 “On the Status of Civil Servants”
    (Lege nr.188 din 8 decembrie 1999 privind Statutul funcţionarilor publici), (Romanian);

  4. Law of May 8, 2000 No. 78 “On Prevention, Detection of and Sanctioning for Corruption”
    (Lege nr.78 din 8 mai 2000 pentru prevenirea, descoperirea şi sancţionarea faptelor de corupţie), (Romanian/English);

  5. Law No. 176 of September 1, 2010 “On Integrity in the Exercise of Public Functions, Amendments and Supplements to Law No. 144 of May 21, 2007 Regarding the Establishment and Functioning of the National Integrity Agency, and Amendments and Supplements to other Legal Acts”
    (Lege nr.176 din 1 septembrie 2010 privind integritatea în exercitarea funcţiilor şi demnităţilor publice, pentru modificarea şi completarea Legii nr. 144/2007 privind înfiinţarea, organizarea şi funcţionarea Agenţiei Naţionale de Integritate, precum şi pentru modificarea şi completarea altor acte normative), (Romanian);

  6. Law No. 161 of April 19, 2003 “On Certain Measures for Ensuring Transparency in the Exercise of Public Functions in Business Environment and on the Prevention of and Fight against Corruption”
    (Lege nr.161 din 19 aprilie 2003 privind unele măsuri pentru asigurarea transparenţei în exercitarea demnităţilor publice, a funcţiilor publice şi în mediul de afaceri, prevenirea şi sancţionarea corupţiei), (Romanian).

Anti-Corruption Bodies
Albania
  1. Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Albania
    (Ministria e Drejtësisë), (Albanian);
  2. General Prosecutor’s Office of the Republic of Albania
    (Prokuroria e Përgjithshme), (Albanian).
 
Romania
  1. National Anti-Corruption Directorate
    (National Anticorruption Directorate), (Romanian);

  2. National Agency for Integrity
    (Agentia Nationala de Integritate), (Romanian);

  3. Anti-Corruption General Directorate
    (Direcția Generală Anticorupție), (Romanian/English).

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