HSE University Anti-Corruption Portal
Comparison of countries
Albania
Malta
Indices
Overall Score:
36 out of 100
Rank:
104 out of 180
Overall Score:
55 out of 100
Overall Score:
0,50 out of 1
Rank:
78 out of 128
Overall Score:
127 out of 150
Rank:
6 out of 134
Overall Score:
6,48 out of 10
Rank:
61 out of 114
Overall Score:
53 out of 100
Rank:
52 out of 180
Rank:
18 out of 133
Overall Score:
78 out of 150
Rank:
79 out of 134
Overall Score:
7,86 out of 10
Rank:
29 out of 114
International Cooperation
UN
GRECO
IACA
UN
GRECO
Albania
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2006.
  • The review under the first cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The country report is available here.
  • GRECO’s member since 2001.
  • The Council of Europe’s Criminal Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2001.
  • The Council of Europe’s Civil Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2000.
  • The fourth evaluation round is completed. The evaluation report is available here.
  • The Agreement for the Establishment of the International Anti-Corruption Academy as an International Organization was ratified in 2011.
Malta
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2008.
  • The review under the first cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The country report is available here.
  • GRECO’s member since 2001.
  • The Council of Europe’s Criminal Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2003.
  • The Council of Europe’s Civil Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2004.
  • The fifth evaluation round is completed. The evaluation report is available here.
Main Legislation
Albania
  1. Criminal Code, articles 164-164/b, 244, 244/a, 245, 245/1, 248, 257, 257/а, 258, 287, 287/b, 259, 259/a, 312, 319-319/e and 328
    (Kodi penal, Nenet 164-164/b, 244, 244/a, 245, 245/1, 248, 257, 257/а, 258, 287, 287/b, 259, 259/a, 312, 319-319/e, 328), (Albanian), (English);
  2. Law No. 9049 of April 10, 2003 «On the Declaration of and Control over the Assets and Financial Obligations of Elected Persons and Other Public Officials»
    (Ligj Nr.9049, datë 10.4.2003 Për deklarimin dhe kontrollin e pasurive, të detyrimeve financiare të të zgjedhurve dhe të disa nëpunësve publikë), (Albanian), (English);
  3. Law No. 9131 of September 8, 2003 «On the Rules of Ethics in Public Administration»
    (Ligj Nr.9131, datë 8.9.2003 Per rregullat e etikes ne administraten publike), (Albanian);
  4. Law No. 9367 of April 7, 2005 «On the Prevention of Conflicts of Interest in the Exercise of Public Functions»
    (Ligj Nr. 9367, datë 7.04.2005, Për parandalimin e konfliktit të interesave në ushtrimin e funksioneve publike),(Albanian), (English);
  5. Law No. 152/2013 of October 1, 2013 «On Civil Service»
    (Ligj Nr.152/2013, datë 1.10.2013 Për nëpunësin civil), (Albanian)
Malta
  1. Criminal Code 1854, Chapters 115-121D (Maltese/English);

  2. Public Administration Act 2019, along with Code of Ethics, (Maltese/English);

  3. Protection of the Whistleblower Act 2013, (Maltese/English);

  4. Code of Principles of Good Corporate Governance for Listed Entities, (English).

 
Anti-Corruption Bodies
Albania
  1. Special Prosecutor's Office of Albania
    (Prokuroria e Posaçme), (Albanian);
  2. General Prosecutor’s Office of the Republic of Albania
    (Prokuroria e Përgjithshme), (Albanian);
  3. High Inspectorate of Declaration and Audit of Assets and Conflicts of Interest
    (Inspektoriati i Lartë i Deklarimit dhe Kontrollit të Pasurive dhe Konfliktit të Interesave), (Albanian), (English).
 
Malta
  1. Permanent Commission against Corruption of Malta, (Maltese/English).

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