HSE University Anti-Corruption Portal
Comparison of countries
Malta
Singapore
Indices
Overall Score:
53 out of 100
Rank:
52 out of 180
Rank:
18 out of 133
Overall Score:
78 out of 150
Rank:
77 out of 128
Overall Score:
7,86 out of 10
Rank:
29 out of 117
Overall Score:
85 out of 100
Rank:
3 out of 180
Rank:
5 out of 133
Overall Score:
0,79 out of 1
Rank:
12 out of 128
International Cooperation
UN
GRECO
UN
APEC
FATF
Malta
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2008.
  • The review under the first cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The country report is available here.
  • GRECO’s member since 2001.
  • The Council of Europe’s Criminal Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2003.
  • The Council of Europe’s Civil Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2004.
  • The fifth evaluation round is completed. The evaluation report is available here.
Singapore
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2009.
  • The review under the first cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The country report is available here.
  • APEC’s member since 1989.
  • Member of the FATF since 1992.
  • Evaluation Report on compliance with the FATF recommendations is available here.
Main Legislation
Malta
  1. Criminal Code 1854, Chapters 115-121D (Maltese/English);

  2. Public Administration Act 2019, along with Code of Ethics, (Maltese/English);

  3. Protection of the Whistleblower Act 2013, (Maltese/English);

  4. Code of Principles of Good Corporate Governance for Listed Entities, (English).

 
Singapore
  1. Penal Code, Chapter 224 of the 2008 Revised Edition of the Statutes of the Republic of Singapore, articles 161-166, (English);

  2. Prevention of Corruption Act, Chapter 241 of the 2008 Revised Edition of the Statutes of the Republic of Singapore, (English);

  3. Corruption, Drug Trafficking and Other Serious Crimes (Confiscation of Benefits Act), Chapter 65a of the 2008 Revised Edition of the Statutes of the Republic of Singapore, (English).

Anti-Corruption Bodies
Malta
  1. Permanent Commission against Corruption of Malta, (Maltese/English).

Singapore
  1. Corrupt Practices Investigation Bureau of Singapore, (English).

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