HSE University Anti-Corruption Portal
Comparison of countries
Estonia
Serbia
Indices
Overall Score:
74 out of 100
Rank:
13 out of 180
Rank:
125 out of 141
Overall Score:
0,81 out of 1
Rank:
11 out of 139
Overall Score:
96 out of 150
Rank:
48 out of 136
Overall Score:
8,42 out of 10
Rank:
12 out of 114
Overall Score:
38 out of 100
Rank:
96 out of 180
Rank:
110 out of 141
Overall Score:
0,49 out of 1
Rank:
81 out of 139
Overall Score:
46 out of 100
Overall Score:
135 out of 150
Rank:
3 out of 136
Overall Score:
7,33 out of 10
Rank:
36 out of 114
International Cooperation
UN
GRECO
OECD
UN
GRECO
Estonia
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was accessed in 2006.
  • The review under the first cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The executive summary is available here.
  • GRECO’s member since 1999.
  • The Council of Europe’s Criminal Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2001.
  • The Council of Europe’s Civil Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2000.
  • The fifth evaluation round is completed. The evaluation report is available here.
  • The OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions was ratified in 2004.
  • The country is undergoing Phase 3 evaluation of the implementation of the Convention. The report is available here.
Serbia
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2005.
  • The review under the first cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The executive summary is available here.
  • GRECO’s member since 2003.
  • The Council of Europe’s Criminal Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2002.
  • The Council of Europe’s Civil Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2008.
  • The fourth evaluation round is completed. The evaluation report is available here.
  • The Agreement for the Establishment of the International Anti-Corruption Academy as an International Organization was ratified in 2011.
Main Legislation
Estonia
  1. Penal Code: § 294, 296, 298, 2981, 3001, 4023, 4024
    (Karistusseadustik: § 294, 296, 298, 2981, 3001, 4023, 4024), (Estonian/English/Russian);

  2. Anti-Corruption Act
    (Korruptsioonivastane seadus), (Estonian/English)

Serbia
  1. Criminal Code: Articles 227, 228, 228a, 230, 231, 245, 359, 366-368
    (Krivični zakonik: Чл. 227, 228, 228a, 230, 231, 245, 359, 366-368), (Serbian/English);

  2. Law No. 43/2004-20 «On the Prevention of Conflict of Interest in Public Service»
    (Zakon o sprečavanju sukoba interesa pri vršenju javnih funkcija: 43/2004-20), (Serbian);

  3. Law No. 128/2014-3 «On Protection of Whistleblowers»
    (Zakon o zaštiti uzbunjivača:128/2014-3), (Serbian);

  4. Law No. 35/2019-6 «On Countering Corruption»
    (Zakon o sprečavanju korupcije: 35/2019-6), (Serbian).

Anti-Corruption Bodies
Estonia
  1. Prosecutor’s Office
    (Prokuratuur), (Estonian/English/Russian);

  2. Ministry of Justice
    (Justiitsministeerium), (Estonian/English/Russian);

  3. Anti-Corruption Portal of Ministry of Justice
    (Justiitsministeerium), (Estonian/English/Russian);

  4. Internal Security Service
    (Kaitsepolitseiamet), (Estonian/English).

Serbia
  1. Anti-Corruption Agency of Serbia
    (Агенција за спречавање корупције), (Serbian/English);

  2. Anti-Corruption Department of the Republic Public Prosecutor’s Office
    (Одељење за борбу против корупције Републичког јавног тужилаштва)(Serbian/English).

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