HSE University Anti-Corruption Portal
Comparison of countries
Ecuador
Viet Nam
Indices
Score:
36 out of 100
Rank:
105 out of 180
Rank:
116 out of 141
Score:
0,48 out of 1
Rank:
92 out of 139
Score:
38 out of 100
Score:
74 out of 150
Rank:
86 out of 128
Score:
6,59 out of 10
Rank:
50 out of 114
Overall Score:
39 out of 100
Rank:
87 out of 180
Rank:
24 out of 141
Overall Score:
0,49 out of 1
Rank:
88 out of 139
Overall Score:
38 out of 100
Overall Score:
76 out of 150
Rank:
84 out of 128
Overall Score:
4,45 out of 10
Rank:
91 out of 114
International Cooperation
UN
OAS
UN
APEC
Ecuador
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2005.
  • The review under the first cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The executive summary is available here.
  • The Inter-American Convention against Corruption was ratified in 1997.
Viet Nam
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2009.
  • The review under the second cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The executive summary is available here.
  • APEC’s member since 1998.
Main Legislation
Ecuador
  1. Criminal Code: Article 49 – Liability of Legal Persons, Articles 278-281, 285-286, 289, 294.1, 297, 320.1
    (Código Orgánico Integral Penal: Artículo 49 –  Responsabilidad de las personas jurídicas, Artículos 278-281, 285-286, 289, 294.1, 297, 320.1), (Spanish);
  2. Organic Law No. 294 of October 6, 2010 «On Public Service»
    (Ley con número de registro 294 del 6 de Octubre de 2010 «Ley orgánica del servicio público»), (Spanish)
Viet Nam
  1. Criminal Code: Articles 353-359 and 364-366
    (Bộ luật hình sự: Điều 353-359, 364-366), (Vietnamese), (English);

  2. Law No. 22/2008/QH12 of November 13, 2008 «On Cadres and Civil Servants»
    (Luật cán bộ, công chức 22/2008/QH12), (Vietnamese), (English);

  3. Law No. 25/2018/QH14 of June 12, 2018 «On Denunciation»
    (Luật Tố cáo 25/2018/QH14), (Vietnamese), (English);

  4. Law No. 36/2018/QH14 of November 20, 2018 «On Anti-Corruption»
    (Luật Phòng, chống tham nhũng №36/2018/QH14), (Vietnamese), (English);

  5. Decree No. 59/2019/NĐ-CP of July 1, 2019 «On Elaborating on a Number of Articles and Measures for Implementation of the Law on Anti-Corruption»
    (Nghị định 59/2019/NĐ-CP hướng dẫn Luật Phòng, chống tham nhũng), (Vietnamese);

  6. Decree No. 130/2020/NĐ-CP of 20 December, 2020 «On Control over the Income and Assets of Officials»
    (Nghị định 130/2020/NĐ-CP kiểm soát tài sản thu nhập của người có chức vụ trong cơ quan tổ chức), (Vietnamese).

Anti-Corruption Bodies
Ecuador
  1. Council of Citizen Participation and Social Control
    (Consejo de Participación Ciudadana y Control Social), (Spanish).
Viet Nam
  1. Central Committee of Viet Nam for the Prevention of Corruption
    (Ban Chỉ đạo Trung ương về phòng, chống tham nhũng), (Vietnamese);

  2. The Government Inspectorate of Vietnam
    (Thanh tra Chính phủ)(Vietnamese), (English)

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