HSE University Anti-Corruption Portal
Comparison of countries
Ecuador
Latvia
Indices
Score:
36 out of 100
Rank:
105 out of 180
Rank:
116 out of 141
Score:
0,48 out of 1
Rank:
92 out of 139
Score:
38 out of 100
Score:
74 out of 150
Rank:
86 out of 128
Score:
6,59 out of 10
Rank:
50 out of 114
Overall Score:
59 out of 100
Rank:
36 out of 180
Rank:
95 out of 141
Overall Score:
0,71 out of 1
Rank:
24 out of 139
Overall Score:
71 out of 150
Rank:
100 out of 136
Overall Score:
7,25 out of 10
Rank:
37 out of 114
International Cooperation
UN
OAS
UN
GRECO
OECD
IACA
Ecuador
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2005.
  • The review under the first cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The executive summary is available here.
  • The Inter-American Convention against Corruption was ratified in 1997.
Latvia
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2006.
  • The review under the first cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The country report is available here.
  • GRECO’s member since 2000.
  • The Council of Europe’s Criminal Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2001.
  • The Council of Europe’s Civil Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2005.
  • The fifth evaluation round is completed. The evaluation report is available here.
  • The OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions was ratified in 2014.
  • The country is undergoing Phase 3 evaluation of the implementation of the Convention. The report is available here.
  • The Agreement for the Establishment of the International Anti-Corruption Academy as an International Organization was ratified in 2011.
Main Legislation
Ecuador
  1. Criminal Code: Article 49 – Liability of Legal Persons, Articles 278-281, 285-286, 289, 294.1, 297, 320.1
    (Código Orgánico Integral Penal: Artículo 49 –  Responsabilidad de las personas jurídicas, Artículos 278-281, 285-286, 289, 294.1, 297, 320.1), (Spanish);
  2. Organic Law No. 294 of October 6, 2010 «On Public Service»
    (Ley con número de registro 294 del 6 de Octubre de 2010 «Ley orgánica del servicio público»), (Spanish)
Latvia
  1. Criminal Law: Articles 195, 196, 198, 199, 318, 319, 320-324, 325, 326-3264
    (Krimināllikums: 195, 196, 198, 199, 318, 319, 320-324, 325, 326-3264 pants), (Latvian/English);

  2. Law on the Corruption Prevention and Combating Bureau
    (Korupcijas novēršanas un apkarošanas biroja likums), (Latvian/English);

  3. Law on the Prevention of Conflicts of Interest in Activities of Public Officials
    (Par interešu konflikta novēršanu valsts amatpersonu darbībā), (Latvian/English).

Anti-Corruption Bodies
Ecuador
  1. Council of Citizen Participation and Social Control
    (Consejo de Participación Ciudadana y Control Social), (Spanish).
Latvia
  1. Corruption Prevention and Combating Bureau
    (Korupcijas novēršanas un apkarošanas birojs), (Latvian/Russian/English).

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