HSE University Anti-Corruption Portal
Comparison of countries
China
Peru
Indices
Overall Score:
42 out of 100
Rank:
78 out of 180
Rank:
25 out of 133
Overall Score:
0,48 out of 1
Rank:
88 out of 128
Overall Score:
19 out of 100
Overall Score:
75 out of 150
Rank:
85 out of 128
Overall Score:
5,22 out of 10
Rank:
99 out of 117
Overall Score:
38 out of 100
Rank:
94 out of 180
Rank:
101 out of 133
Overall Score:
0,50 out of 1
Rank:
80 out of 128
Overall Score:
76 out of 100
Overall Score:
93 out of 150
Rank:
53 out of 128
Overall Score:
6,61 out of 10
Rank:
54 out of 117
International Cooperation
UN
G20
APEC
FATF
BRICS
IACA
UN
OECD
APEC
OAS
China
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2006.
  • The review under the first cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The executive summary is available here.
  • G20 Presidency in 2016.
  • The documents adopted under China’s Presidency are available here.
  • APEC’s member since 1991.
  • Member of the FATF since 2007.
  • Evaluation Report on compliance with the FATF recommendations is available here.
  • BRICS Member since 2009.
  • BRICS Presidency is scheduled for 2022.
  • The Agreement for the Establishment of the International Anti-Corruption Academy as an International Organization was ratified in 2013.
Peru
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2004.
  • The review under the second cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The country report in Spanish and executive summary are available here.
  • The OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions was ratified in 2018.
  • The country is undergoing Phase 1 evaluation of the implementation of the Convention. The report is available here.
  • APEC’s member since 1998.
  • The Inter-American Convention against Corruption was ratified in 1997.
Main Legislation
China
  1. Criminal Code, Chapter 8 – Graft and Bribery - Articles 382-396 and 164, (English);

  2. Law of the People’s Republic of China against Unfair Competition of September 2, 1993, (English);

  3. Supervision Law of the People’s Republic of China of March 20, 2018, (Chinese), (English).

 
Peru
  1. Criminal Code, Part XVIII «Crimes against Public Administration»; Art. 393-401, 376, 382, 385
    (Decreto Legislativo Nº 635, Código Penal, Titulo XVIII Delitos contra la administracion publica, Art. 393-401, 376, 382, 385), (Spanish);

  2. Law of 2001 No. 27482 «On the Publication of Income and Asset Declarations of Civil Servants»
    (Ley 27482 que regula la publicación de la declaración jurada de ingresos y de bienes y rentas de los funcionarios y servidores públicos del estado), (Spanish);

  3. Law of August 12, 2002 No. 27815 «On the Code of Ethics for Civil Service»
    (Ley 27815 del Código de Ética de la Función Pública), (Spanish);

  4. Law of June 22, 2010 No. 29542 «On Protection of Whistleblowers at the Administrative Level and Effective Cooperation on Criminal Matters»
    (Ley 29542 de protección al denunciante en el ámbito administrativo y de colaboración eficaz en el ámbito penal), (Spanish);

  5. Law of November 9, 2011 No. 27588 «On Impediments and Restrictions for Civil Servants and Individuals Providing Services to the State on Contractual Basis»
    (Ley Nº 27588 que establece prohibiciones e incompatibilidades de funcionarios y servidores públicos, así como de las personas que presten servicios al Estado bajo cualquier modalidad contractual), (Spanish);

  6. Law of July 4, 2013 No. 30057 «On Civil Service»
    (Ley 30057 del Servicio Civil), (Spanish).

  7. Law of January 9, 2019 No. 30424 «On Administrative Liability of Legal Persons for Transnational Bribery»
    (Ley 30424 que regula la responsabilidad administrativa de las personas jurídicas por el delito de cohecho activo transnacional), (Spanish).

Anti-Corruption Bodies
China
  1. National Supervisory Commission of the People’s Republic of China, (Chinese);

  2. Hong Kong Independent Commission against Corruption, (Chinese), (English);

  3. Commission against Corruption, Macao Special Administrative Region, (Chinese), (English).

Peru
  1. High-Level Anti-Corruption Commission of Peru
    (Comisión De Alto Nivel Anticorrupción), (Spanish)

 

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