HSE University Anti-Corruption Portal
Comparison of countries
China
Latvia
Indices
Overall Score:
42 out of 100
Rank:
78 out of 180
Rank:
25 out of 133
Overall Score:
0,48 out of 1
Rank:
88 out of 128
Overall Score:
19 out of 100
Overall Score:
75 out of 150
Rank:
85 out of 129
Overall Score:
5,22 out of 10
Rank:
99 out of 117
Overall Score:
57 out of 100
Rank:
42 out of 180
Rank:
65 out of 133
Overall Score:
71 out of 150
Rank:
96 out of 129
Overall Score:
7,88 out of 10
Rank:
28 out of 117
International Cooperation
UN
G20
APEC
FATF
BRICS
IACA
UN
GRECO
OECD
IACA
China
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2006.
  • The review under the first cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The executive summary is available here.
  • G20 Presidency in 2016.
  • The documents adopted under China’s Presidency are available here.
  • APEC’s member since 1991.
  • Member of the FATF since 2007.
  • Evaluation Report on compliance with the FATF recommendations is available here.
  • BRICS Member since 2009.
  • BRICS Presidency is scheduled for 2022.
  • The Agreement for the Establishment of the International Anti-Corruption Academy as an International Organization was ratified in 2013.
Latvia
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2006.
  • The review under the first cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The country report is available here.
  • GRECO’s member since 2000.
  • The Council of Europe’s Criminal Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2001.
  • The Council of Europe’s Civil Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2005.
  • The fifth evaluation round is completed. The evaluation report is available here.
  • The OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions was ratified in 2014.
  • The country is undergoing Phase 3 evaluation of the implementation of the Convention. The report is available here.
  • The Agreement for the Establishment of the International Anti-Corruption Academy as an International Organization was ratified in 2011.
Main Legislation
China
  1. Criminal Code, Chapter 8 – Graft and Bribery - Articles 382-396 and 164, (English);

  2. Law of the People’s Republic of China against Unfair Competition of September 2, 1993, (English);

  3. Supervision Law of the People’s Republic of China of March 20, 2018, (Chinese), (English).

 
Latvia
  1. Criminal Law, Chapter 24, articles 320-324 and 326-3263, Chapter 19, articles 198 and 199
    (Krimināllikums: XXIV nodaļa, 320-324, 326-3263 pants, XIX nodaļa, 198, 199 pants), (Latvian/English);

  2. Law on the Corruption Prevention and Combating Bureau
    (Korupcijas novēršanas un apkarošanas biroja likums), (Latvian/English);

  3. Law on the Prevention of Conflicts of Interest in Activities of Public Officials
    (Par interešu konflikta novēršanu valsts amatpersonu darbībā), (Latvian/English).

Anti-Corruption Bodies
China
  1. National Supervisory Commission of the People’s Republic of China, (Chinese);

  2. Hong Kong Independent Commission against Corruption, (Chinese), (English);

  3. Commission against Corruption, Macao Special Administrative Region, (Chinese), (English).

Latvia
  1. Corruption Prevention and Combating Bureau
    (Korupcijas novēršanas un apkarošanas birojs), (Latvian/Russian/English).

We use cookies in order to improve the quality and usability of the HSE website. More information about the use of cookies is available here, and the regulations on processing personal data can be found here. By continuing to use the site, you hereby confirm that you have been informed of the use of cookies by the HSE website and agree with our rules for processing personal data. You may disable cookies in your browser settings.