HSE University Anti-Corruption Portal
Comparison of countries
Argentina
Spain
Indices
Overall Score:
42 out of 100
Rank:
78 out of 180
Rank:
94 out of 133
Overall Score:
0,58 out of 1
Rank:
48 out of 128
Overall Score:
58 out of 100
Overall Score:
92 out of 150
Rank:
54 out of 128
Overall Score:
6,79 out of 10
Rank:
46 out of 117
Overall Score:
62 out of 100
Rank:
32 out of 180
Rank:
66 out of 133
Overall Score:
0,73 out of 1
Rank:
19 out of 128
Overall Score:
53 out of 100
Overall Score:
73 out of 150
Rank:
90 out of 128
Overall Score:
8,14 out of 10
Rank:
24 out of 117
International Cooperation
UN
OECD
G20
FATF
OAS
IACA
UN
GRECO
OECD
FATF
IACA
Argentina
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2006.
  • The review under the second cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The country report in Spanish and the executive summary are available here.
  • The OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions was ratified in 2001.
  • The country is undergoing Phases 3bis and 1bis evaluation of the implementation of the Convention. The reports are available here.
  • G20 Presidency in 2018.
  • The documents adopted under Argentina’s Presidency are available here.
  • Member of the FATF since 2000.
  • Evaluation Report on compliance with the FATF recommendations is available here.
  • The Inter-American Convention against Corruption was ratified in 1997.
  • The Agreement for the Establishment of the International Anti-Corruption Academy as an International Organization was ratified in 2014.
Spain
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2006.
  • The review under the first cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The country report is available here.
  • GRECO’s member since 1999.
  • The Council of Europe’s Criminal Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2010.
  • The Council of Europe’s Civil Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2009.
  • The fifth evaluation round is completed. The evaluation report is available here.
  • The OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions was ratified in 2000.
  • The country is undergoing Phase 3 evaluation of the implementation of the Convention. The report is available here.
  • Member of the FATF since 1990.
  • Evaluation Report on compliance with the FATF recommendations is available here.
  • The Agreement for the Establishment of the International Anti-Corruption Academy as an International Organization was ratified in 2011.
Main Legislation
Argentina
  1. Criminal Code, Chapter 11 – Crimes against Public Administration
    (Codigo Penal de la Nacion Argentina, Titulo XI - Delitos contra la Administracion Publica), (Spanish);
  2. Law 25.188 «On Ethics in the Exercise of Public Functions»
    (Ley 25.188, Ley de Etica en el Ejercicio de la Funcion Pública), (Spanish);
  3. Law 27.401 «Criminal Liability of Legal Persons»
    (Ley 27.401, Ley de Responsabilidad Penal de Personas Jurídicas Privadas), (Spanish);
  4. Framework Law 25.164 «On the Regulation of Employment in the State Sector»
    (Ley 25.164, Ley marco de regulación de empleo público nacional), (Spanish);
  5. Decree 41/99 «Code of Ethics for Public Administration»
    (Decreto 41/99, Codigo de Etica de la Funcion Publica), (Spanish);
  6. Decree 102.99 «Anti-Corruption Bureau», (Spanish);
  7. Decree 26.857 «On Amendments to Law 25.188 “On Ethics in the Exercise of Public Functions”»
    (Ley 26.857, Caracter Publico de las Declaraciones Juradas Patrimoniales Integrales de los Funcionarios Publicos), (Spanish)
 
Spain
  1. Criminal Code, Division XIX, Chapter V - Bribes, Chapter VI – Trading in Influence, Chapter IX – Talks and Actions Forbidden to Public Officials and Abuse of Functions; Division XI, Section 4 – Corruption in Business; Articles 31bis-31 quinquies
    (Codigo Penal, Titulo XIX, Сapítulo V, VI, IX; Titulo XI, Sección 4; Artículo 31bis-31 quinquies), (Spanish);

  2. Law on Civil Service, Division III, Chapter VIII
    (Ley articulada de Funcionarios Civiles del Estado: Titulo III, Capitulo VIII), (Spanish);

  3. Law of March 30, 2015 “On the Duties of Persons Occupying Highest Positions in Public Administration
    (Ley 3/2015, de 30 de marzo, reguladora del ejercicio del alto cargo de la Administración General del Estado), (Spanish);

  4. Organic Law of December 26, 1984 No. 53/84 “On Restrictions on Civil Servants”
    (Ley Orgánica 53/84, de 26 de diciembre, de Incompatibilidades del personal al servicio de las Administraciones Públicas), (Spanish);

  5. Law of December 9, 2013 No. 19 “On Transparency and Free Access to Information”
    (Ley 19/2013, de 9 de diciembre, de transparencia, acceso a la información pública y buen gobierno), (Spanish).

Anti-Corruption Bodies
Argentina
  1.  Anti-Corruption Bureau, Ministry of Justice and Human Rights of the Argentine Republic
    (Oficina Anticorrupción, Ministerio de Justicia y Derechos Humanos de Argentina), (Spanish).
Spain
  1. Special Prosecutor’s Office for Countering Corruption and Organized Crime
    (Fiscalía Especial contra la Corrupción y el Crimen Organizado), (Spanish)

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