HSE University Anti-Corruption Portal
Comparison of countries
Costa Rica
Albania
Indices
Overall Score:
57 out of 100
Rank:
42 out of 180
Rank:
83 out of 133
Overall Score:
0,68 out of 1
Rank:
25 out of 128
Overall Score:
57 out of 100
Overall Score:
8,04 out of 10
Rank:
25 out of 117
Overall Score:
36 out of 100
Rank:
104 out of 180
Overall Score:
55 out of 100
Overall Score:
0,50 out of 1
Rank:
78 out of 128
Overall Score:
127 out of 150
Rank:
6 out of 128
Overall Score:
6,48 out of 10
Rank:
61 out of 117
International Cooperation
UN
OECD
OAS
UN
GRECO
IACA
Costa Rica
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2007.
  • The review under the first cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The country report is available here.
  • The OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions was ratified in 2017.
  • The country is undergoing Phase 2 evaluation of the implementation of the Convention. The report is available here.
  • The Inter-American Convention against Corruption was ratified in 1997.
Albania
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2006.
  • The review under the first cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The country report is available here.
  • GRECO’s member since 2001.
  • The Council of Europe’s Criminal Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2001.
  • The Council of Europe’s Civil Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2000.
  • The fourth evaluation round is completed. The evaluation report is available here.
  • The Agreement for the Establishment of the International Anti-Corruption Academy as an International Organization was ratified in 2011.
Main Legislation
Costa Rica
  1. Criminal Code, Part XIV Crimes against the Administration of Justice, Section I
    (Ley 4573, Código Penal, Titulo XIV Delitos contra la Administración de Justicia, Sección I), (Spanish);

  2. Law No. 8422 “On Countering Corruption and Illicit Enrichment in Civil Service”
    (Ley 8422 contra la corrupción y el enriquecimeinto ilícito en la función pública), (Spanish);

  3. Law No. 9699 “On Liability of Legal Persons for Bribery, Transnational Bribery and other Crimes”
    (Ley 9699 Responsabilidad de las personas jurídicas sobre cohechos domésticos, soborno transnacional y otros delitos), (Spanish).

Albania
  1. Criminal Code, articles 164-164/b, 244, 244/a, 245, 245/1, 248, 257, 257/а, 258, 287, 287/b, 259, 259/a, 312, 319-319/e and 328
    (Kodi penal, Nenet 164-164/b, 244, 244/a, 245, 245/1, 248, 257, 257/а, 258, 287, 287/b, 259, 259/a, 312, 319-319/e, 328), (Albanian), (English);
  2. Law No. 9049 of April 10, 2003 “On the Declaration of and Control over the Assets and Financial Obligations of Elected Persons and Other Public Officials”
    (Ligj Nr.9049, datë 10.4.2003 Për deklarimin dhe kontrollin e pasurive, të detyrimeve financiare të të zgjedhurve dhe të disa nëpunësve publikë), (Albanian);
  3. Law No. 9131 of September 8, 2003 “On the Rules of Ethics in Public Administration”
    (Ligj Nr.9131, datë 8.9.2003 Per rregullat e etikes ne administraten publike), (Albanian);
  4. Law No. 9367 of April 7, 2005 “On the Prevention of Conflicts of Interest in the Exercise of Public Functions”
    (Ligj Nr. 9367, datë 7.04.2005, Për parandalimin e konfliktit të interesave në ushtrimin e funksioneve publike),(Albanian), (English);
  5. Law No. 152/2013 of October 1, 2013 “On Civil Service”
    (Ligj Nr.152/2013, datë 1.10.2013 Për nëpunësin civil), (Albanian)
Anti-Corruption Bodies
Costa Rica
  1. General Prosecutor’s Office of Costa Rica
    (Procuraduría General de la República de Costa Rica), (Spanish).

 
Albania
  1. Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Albania
    (Ministria e Drejtësisë), (Albanian);
  2. General Prosecutor’s Office of the Republic of Albania
    (Prokuroria e Përgjithshme), (Albanian).
 

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