HSE University Anti-Corruption Portal
Comparison of countries
Belgium
Republic of Korea
Indices
Overall Score:
76 out of 100
Rank:
15 out of 180
Rank:
50 out of 133
Overall Score:
0,79 out of 1
Rank:
14 out of 128
Overall Score:
59 out of 150
Rank:
115 out of 129
Overall Score:
8,78 out of 10
Rank:
13 out of 114
Overall Score:
61 out of 100
Rank:
33 out of 180
Rank:
21 out of 133
Overall Score:
0,73 out of 1
Rank:
17 out of 128
Overall Score:
62 out of 100
Overall Score:
97 out of 150
Rank:
46 out of 129
Overall Score:
8,33 out of 10
Rank:
20 out of 114
International Cooperation
UN
GRECO
OECD
FATF
UN
OECD
G20
APEC
FATF
IACA
Belgium
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2008.
  • The review under the second cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The country report is available here.
  • GRECO’s member since 1999.
  • The Council of Europe’s Criminal Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2004.
  • The Council of Europe’s Civil Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2007.
  • The fifth evaluation round is completed. The evaluation report is available here.
  • The OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions was ratified in 1999.
  • The country is undergoing Phase 3 evaluation of the implementation of the Convention. The report is available here.
  • Member of the FATF since 1990.
  • Evaluation Report on compliance with the FATF recommendations is available here.
Republic of Korea
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2008.
  • The review under the first cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The executive summary is available here.
  • The OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions was ratified in 1999.
  • The country is undergoing Phase 4 evaluation of the implementation of the Convention. The report is available here.
  • G20 Presidency in 2010.
  • The documents adopted under the Presidency of the Republic of Korea are available here.
  • APEC’s member since 1989.
  • Member of the FATF since 2009.
  • Evaluation Report on compliance with the FATF recommendations is available here.
  • The Agreement for the Establishment of the International Anti-Corruption Academy as an International Organization was ratified in 2011.
Main Legislation
Belgium

1. Criminal Code, articles 246-253, 324, 504bis, 504ter
(Wetboek van Strafrecht: Art. 246-253, 324, 504bis, 504ter), (Dutch);

2. Law of September 15, 2013 «On the Disclosure of Information on Alleged Violation of the Rules of Conduct for Public Officials»
(Wet van 15 septembre 2013, beteffende de melding van een verondestelde integriteitsschending in de federale administratieve overheden door haar personeelsleden), (Dutch);

3. The Code of Ethics for Federal Public Officials
(Deontologisch Kader), (Dutch), (French);

4. Guide to the Management of Conflicts of Interest in Federal Public Administration
(Handleiding bij belangenconflicten in het Belgisch federaal administratief openbaar ambt), (Dutch), (French);

5. Circular of May 5, 2014 «On the Management of Conflicts of Interest in Public Procurement: "Revolving Door"»
(Omzendbrief 5 mei 2014 - Overheidsopdrachten - Belangenvermenging – Draaideurconstructie), (Dutch).

Republic of Korea
  1. Criminal Act, articles 129-133 and 357
    (형법, 조항 129-133, 357), (Korean/English);

  2. Act on Preventing Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions
    (국제상거래에 있어서 외국공무원에 대한 뇌물방지법), (Korean/English);

  3. Improper Solicitation and Graft Act
    (부정청탁 및 금품등 수수의 금지에 관한 법률), (Korean/English);

  4. Act on the Protection of Public Interest Whistleblowers
    (공익신고자 보호법), (Korean);

  5. Act on the Prevention of Corruption and the Establishment and Management of Anti-Corruption and Civil Rights Commission
    (부패방지 및 국민권익위원회의 설치와 운영에 관한 법률), (Korean/English);

  6. Act on the Creation and Functioning of the Office for Investigation of Corruption among High-Ranked Officials
    (고위공직자범죄수사처 설치 및 운영에 관한 법률), (Korean);

  7. Public Service Ethics Act
    (공직자윤리법), (Korean);

  8. Code of Conduct for Public Officials
    (공무원 행동강령), (Korean).

Anti-Corruption Bodies
Belgium
  1. Central Bureau for Countering Corruption, Federal Police of Belgium
    (Office Central pour la Répression de la Corruption), (Dutch), (French), (German).
Republic of Korea
  1. Anti-Corruption and Civil Rights Commission
    (대한민국 국민권익위원회), (Korean/English).

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