HSE University Anti-Corruption Portal
Comparison of countries
USA
Romania
Indices
Overall Score:
67 out of 100
Rank:
25 out of 180
Rank:
2 out of 133
Overall Score:
0,72 out of 1
Rank:
21 out of 128
Overall Score:
76 out of 100
Overall Score:
83 out of 150
Rank:
74 out of 134
Overall Score:
8,83 out of 10
Rank:
10 out of 117
Overall Score:
44 out of 100
Rank:
69 out of 180
Rank:
56 out of 133
Overall Score:
0,63 out of 1
Rank:
32 out of 128
Overall Score:
64 out of 100
Overall Score:
83 out of 150
Rank:
73 out of 134
Overall Score:
7,69 out of 10
Rank:
33 out of 114
International Cooperation
UN
GRECO
OECD
G20
APEC
FATF
OAS
UN
GRECO
IACA
USA
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2006.
  • The review under the first cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The country report is available here. The self-assessment checklist under the second cycle is available here.
  • GRECO’s member since 2000.
  • The Council of Europe’s Criminal Law Convention on Corruption is not ratified.
  • The Council of Europe’s Civil Law Convention on Corruption is not ratified. 
  • The forth evaluation round is completed. The evaluation report is available here
  • The OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions was ratified in 1998.
  • The country is undergoing Phase 4 evaluation of the implementation of the Convention. The report is available here.
  • G20 Presidency in 2008 (Washington) and in 2009 (Pittsburg).
  • The documents adopted under the US Presidency are available here (Washington) and here (Pittsburg).
  • APEC’s member since 1989.
  • Member of the FATF since 1990.
  • Evaluation Report on compliance with the FATF recommendations is available here.
  • The Inter-American Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2000.
Romania
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2004.
  • The review under the first cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The executive summary is available here.
  • GRECO’s member since 1999.
  • The Council of Europe’s Criminal Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2002.
  • The Council of Europe’s Civil Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2002.
  • The fourth evaluation round is completed. The evaluation report is available here.
  • The Agreement for the Establishment of the International Anti-Corruption Academy as an International Organization was ratified in 2011.
Main Legislation
USA
  1. 18 US Code, Chapter 11 - Bribery, Graft, and Conflicts of Interest, (English);

  2. 5 US Code Appendix, Ethics in Government Act of 1978, (English);

  3. 5 Code of Federal Regulations, Chapter XVI – Office of Government Ethics, (English);

  4. 15 US Code, Anti-Bribery and Books and Records Provisions of the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act, (English);

  5. 18 US Сode, Chapter 96 - Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations, (English).

Romania
  1. Criminal Code, Part V, Chapter I, articles 289-294, 295, 297, 301, 307, 308
    (Privind Codul penal), (Romanian);

  2. Law of October 16, 1996 No. 115 «On Declaration of and Control Over the Assets of Officials, Magistrates and Other Persons Occupying Senior Positions»
    (Lege nr.115 din 16 octombrie 1996 privind declararea şi controlul averii demnitarilor, magistraţilor, funcţionarilor publici şi a unor persoane cu funcţii de conducere), (Romanian/English);

  3. Law No. 188 of December 9, 1999 «On the Status of Civil Servants»
    (Lege nr.188 din 8 decembrie 1999 privind Statutul funcţionarilor publici), (Romanian);

  4. Law of May 8, 2000 No. 78 «On Prevention, Detection of and Sanctioning for Corruption»
    (Lege nr.78 din 8 mai 2000 pentru prevenirea, descoperirea şi sancţionarea faptelor de corupţie), (Romanian/English);

  5. Law No. 161 of April 19, 2003 «On Certain Measures for Ensuring Transparency in the Exercise of Public Functions in Business Environment and on the Prevention of and Fight against Corruption»
    (Lege nr.161 din 19 aprilie 2003 privind unele măsuri pentru asigurarea transparenţei în exercitarea demnităţilor publice, a funcţiilor publice şi în mediul de afaceri, prevenirea şi sancţionarea corupţiei), (Romanian);

  6. Law No. 176 of September 1, 2010 «On Integrity in the Exercise of Public Functions, Amendments and Supplements to Law No. 144 of May 21, 2007 Regarding the Establishment and Functioning of the National Integrity Agency, and Amendments and Supplements to other Legal Acts»
    (Lege nr.176 din 1 septembrie 2010 privind integritatea în exercitarea funcţiilor şi demnităţilor publice, pentru modificarea şi completarea Legii nr. 144/2007 privind înfiinţarea, organizarea şi funcţionarea Agenţiei Naţionale de Integritate, precum şi pentru modificarea şi completarea altor acte normative), (Romanian).

Anti-Corruption Bodies
USA
  1. US Department of Justice, (English);

  2. Office of Government Ethics, (English);

  3. Interagency Ethics Council, (English);

  4. United States Securities and Exchange Commission, (English);

  5. United States Office of Special Counsel, (English);

  6. Council of the Inspectors General on Integrity and Efficiency, (English);

  7. United States Senate Committee on Foreign Relations - Combating Corruption in the Multilateral Development Banks, (English).

Romania
  1. National Anti-Corruption Directorate
    (National Anticorruption Directorate), (Romanian/English);

  2. National Agency for Integrity
    (Agentia Nationala de Integritate), (Romanian);

  3. Anti-Corruption General Directorate
    (Direcția Generală Anticorupție), (Romanian/English).

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