HSE University Anti-Corruption Portal
Comparison of countries
Portugal
USA
Indices
Overall Score:
61 out of 100
Rank:
33 out of 180
Rank:
76 out of 133
Overall Score:
0,70 out of 1
Rank:
23 out of 128
Overall Score:
66 out of 100
Overall Score:
73 out of 150
Rank:
89 out of 129
Overall Score:
8,3 out of 10
Rank:
21 out of 117
Overall Score:
67 out of 100
Rank:
25 out of 180
Rank:
2 out of 133
Overall Score:
0,72 out of 1
Rank:
21 out of 128
Overall Score:
76 out of 100
Overall Score:
83 out of 150
Rank:
72 out of 129
Overall Score:
8,83 out of 10
Rank:
10 out of 117
International Cooperation
UN
GRECO
OECD
FATF
UN
GRECO
OECD
G20
APEC
FATF
OAS
Portugal
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2007.
  • The review under the second cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The executive summary is available here.
  • GRECO’s member since 2002.
  • The Council of Europe’s Criminal Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2002.
  • The Council of Europe’s Civil Law Convention on Corruption is not ratified.
  • The fourth evaluation round is completed. The evaluation report is available here.
  • The OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions was ratified in 2000.
  • The country is undergoing Phase 3 evaluation of the implementation of the Convention. The report is available here.
  • Member of the FATF since 1991.
  • Evaluation Report on compliance with the FATF recommendations is available here.
USA
  • The UN Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2006.
  • The review under the first cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism is completed. The country report is available here. The self-assessment checklist under the second cycle is available here.
  • GRECO’s member since 2000.
  • The Council of Europe’s Criminal Law Convention on Corruption is not ratified.
  • The Council of Europe’s Civil Law Convention on Corruption is not ratified. 
  • The forth evaluation round is completed. The evaluation report is available here
  • The OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions was ratified in 1998.
  • The country is undergoing Phase 4 evaluation of the implementation of the Convention. The report is available here.
  • G20 Presidency in 2008 (Washington) and in 2009 (Pittsburg).
  • The documents adopted under the US Presidency are available here (Washington) and here (Pittsburg).
  • APEC’s member since 1989.
  • Member of the FATF since 1990.
  • Evaluation Report on compliance with the FATF recommendations is available here.
  • The Inter-American Convention against Corruption was ratified in 2000.
Main Legislation
Portugal
  1. Criminal Code, articles 335, 363, 367, 368, 372-377, 379 and 382
    (Codigo Penal 2003: art. 335, 363, 368, 372-377, 379, 382), (Portuguese);

  2. Law of April 2, 1983 «On Public Control Over the Assets of Persons Occupying Most Senior Government Positions»
    (Lei n.º 4/83, de 2 de Abril Controle Público da Riqueza dos Titulares de Cargos Políticos), (Portuguese);

  3. Law of July 16, 1987 «Misconduct of Persons Occupying Most Senior Government Positions»
    (Lei n.º 34/87, de 16 de Julho Crimes da Responsabilidade de Titulares de Cargos Políticos), (Portuguese);

  4. Law of April 21, 2008 No. 19 «On Measures against Corruption»
    (Lei n.º 19/2008, de 21 de Abril Aprova Medidas de Combate à Corrupção), (Portuguese);

  5. Law of April 21, 2008 No. 20 «On Criminal Liability for Corruption Crimes in International Trade and in the Private Sector»
    (Lei n.º 20/2008, de 21 de Abril Responsabilidade Penal por Crimes de Corrupção no Comércio Internacional e na Actividade Privada), (Portuguese);

  6. Law of September 4, 2008 «Council for the Prevention of Corruption»
    (Lei n.º 54/2008 de 4 de Setembro Conselho de Prevenção da Corrupção), (Portuguese);

  7. Law No. 52 of July 31, 2019 «On the Adoption of the Rules Regulating the Exercise of Functions by the Individuals Holding Political Positions and High Public Positions»
    (Lei n.º 52/2019, de 31 de Julho Aprova o regime do exercício de funções por titulares de cargos políticos e altos cargos públicos), (Portuguese).

USA
  1. 18 US Code, Chapter 11 - Bribery, Graft, and Conflicts of Interest, (English);

  2. 5 US Code Appendix, Ethics in Government Act of 1978, (English);

  3. 5 Code of Federal Regulations, Chapter XVI – Office of Government Ethics, (English);

  4. 15 US Code, Anti-Bribery and Books and Records Provisions of the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act, (English);

  5. 18 US Сode, Chapter 96 - Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations, (English).

Anti-Corruption Bodies
Portugal
  1. Council for the Prevention of Corruption
    (Conselho de Prevenção da Corrupção), (Portuguese);

  2. Anti-Corruption Unit, Judicial Police of Portugal
    (Unidade Nacional de Combate à Corrupção), (Portuguese).

USA
  1. US Department of Justice, (English);

  2. Office of Government Ethics, (English);

  3. Interagency Ethics Council, (English);

  4. United States Securities and Exchange Commission, (English);

  5. United States Office of Special Counsel, (English);

  6. Council of the Inspectors General on Integrity and Efficiency, (English);

  7. United States Senate Committee on Foreign Relations - Combating Corruption in the Multilateral Development Banks, (English).

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